Willow bark for sustainable energy storage systems

Mathias Andreas Hobisch, Josphat Phiri, Jinze Dou, Patrick Gane, Tapani Vuorinen, Wolfgang Bauer, Christian Prehal, Thaddeus Maloney, Stefan Spirk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Willow bark is a byproduct from forestry and is obtained at an industrial scale. We upcycled this byproduct in a two-step procedure into sustainable electrode materials for symmetrical supercapacitors using organic electrolytes. The procedure employed precarbonization followed by carbonization using different types of KOH activation protocols. The obtained electrode materials had a hierarchically organized pore structure and featured a high specific surface area (>2500 m2 g-1) and pore volume (up to 1.48 cm3 g-1). The assembled supercapacitors exhibited capacitances up to 147 F g-1 in organic electrolytes concomitant with excellent cycling performance over 10,000 cycles at 0.6 A g-1 using coin cells. The best materials exhibited a capacity retention of 75% when changing scan rates from 2 to 100 mV s-1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1016
JournalMaterials
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020

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Keywords

  • carbon activation
  • electrode formation
  • organic electrolytes
  • supercapacitors
  • upcycling
  • willow bark

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Hobisch, M. A., Phiri, J., Dou, J., Gane, P., Vuorinen, T., Bauer, W., ... Spirk, S. (2020). Willow bark for sustainable energy storage systems. Materials, 13(4), [1016]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13041016