Free-breathing myocardial T1 mapping using inversion-recovery radial FLASH and motion-resolved model-based reconstruction

Xiaoqing Wang*, Sebastian Rosenzweig, Volkert Roeloffs, Moritz Blumenthal, Nick Scholand, Zhengguo Tan, H Christian M Holme, Christina Unterberg-Buchwald, Rabea Hinkel, Martin Uecker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To develop a free-breathing myocardial (Formula presented.) mapping technique using inversion-recovery (IR) radial fast low-angle shot (FLASH) and calibrationless motion-resolved model-based reconstruction. Methods: Free-running (free-breathing, retrospective cardiac gating) IR radial FLASH is used for data acquisition at 3T. First, to reduce the waiting time between inversions, an analytical formula is derived that takes the incomplete (Formula presented.) recovery into account for an accurate (Formula presented.) calculation. Second, the respiratory motion signal is estimated from the k-space center of the contrast varying acquisition using an adapted singular spectrum analysis (SSA-FARY) technique. Third, a motion-resolved model-based reconstruction is used to estimate both parameter and coil sensitivity maps directly from the sorted k-space data. Thus, spatiotemporal total variation, in addition to the spatial sparsity constraints, can be directly applied to the parameter maps. Validations are performed on an experimental phantom, 11 human subjects, and a young landrace pig with myocardial infarction. Results: In comparison to an IR spin-echo reference, phantom results confirm good (Formula presented.) accuracy, when reducing the waiting time from 5 s to 1 s using the new correction. The motion-resolved model-based reconstruction further improves (Formula presented.) precision compared to the spatial regularization-only reconstruction. Aside from showing that a reliable respiratory motion signal can be estimated using modified SSA-FARY, in vivo studies demonstrate that dynamic myocardial (Formula presented.) maps can be obtained within 2 min with good precision and repeatability. Conclusion: Motion-resolved myocardial (Formula presented.) mapping during free-breathing with good accuracy, precision and repeatability can be achieved by combining inversion-recovery radial FLASH, self-gating and a calibrationless motion-resolved model-based reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1368-1384
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Volume89
Issue number4
Early online date20 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • free-breathing myocardial T mapping
  • motion-resolved model-based reconstruction
  • radial FLASH
  • self-gating
  • spatiotemporal total variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fields of Expertise

  • Human- & Biotechnology
  • Information, Communication & Computing

Cooperations

  • BioTechMed-Graz

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