Ecology in Multi-Storey Residential Buildings – Interdependency Between Ecology and Costs of Building Materials

Daniela Koppelhuber, Johannes Wall

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

More than 95% of multi-story residential buildings in Austria are currently predominantly constructed with conventional mineral construction materials. This fact combined with the increasing demands for a healthy residential living atmosphere demonstrates the great potential for using ecological materials. Life cycle assessments provide information on the ecological performance of buildings, but the corresponding economical aspects are not considered. Nevertheless, the economic aspects of a certain draft are important to clients and designers. Therefore, simplified assessment-tools are needed that take into account the ecological impact as well as the building costs. This paper presents the results of an investigation supplemented by a case study of a multi-story residential building, which was finished 2016 in Austria, illustrating the differences between the state-of-the-art material selection and ecologically optimized alternatives. The ecological impacts and the costs for the selected building-system were determined based on the case study. Subsequently, ecological optimization potentials were identified according to the environmental indicator OI3. Finally, the effects on component and construction costs were evaluated. The steps of this simplified process reveal the interdependency between ecological aspects and the costs of materials. This procedure represents a decision-making tool that can be used by clients as well as designers. The results of this research emphasize the large environmental impact improvements with little expenses when implementing sustainability in multi-story residential buildings as a crucial part of a green design.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of International Structural Engineering and Construction
Subtitle of host publicationTheme: Interdependence between Structural Engineering and Construction Management
EditorsDidem Ozevin, Hossein Ataei, Mehdi Modares, Asli Pelin Gurgun, Siamak Yazdani, Amarjit Singh
Place of PublicationFardo, ND
PublisherISEC Press
Chapter2.2
Number of pages6
Volume6,1
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-9960437-6-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventISEC 10 - INTERNATIONAL STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
AND CONSTRUCTION SOCIETY - Chicago
- The University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, United States
Duration: 20 May 201925 May 2019

Conference

ConferenceISEC 10 - INTERNATIONAL STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
AND CONSTRUCTION SOCIETY - Chicago
Abbreviated titleISEC 10
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period20/05/1925/05/19

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