Direct and Distributed Strain Measurements Inside a Shotcrete Lining: Concept and Realisation

Lukas Wagner, Alexander Kluckner, Christoph Monsberger, Petra Wolf, Karoline Prall, Wulf Schubert, Werner Lienhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This paper introduces the successful implementation of a fibre-optic sensing system for direct and distributed strain measurement within the shotcrete lining of a conventional tunnel drive. The shotcrete lining of the top-heading and the invert are equipped with two layers (rock side and cavity side) of fibre-optic sensing cables installed in circumferential and longitudinal direction. All cables are measured autonomously for several weeks to capture the strain evolution inside the lining from the day of the construction to a posterior, well-hardened state. An additional follow-up measurement is conducted 2 months afterwards. The measurements enable an assessment of the strain distribution inside the lining with a spatial resolution in the range of some centimetres and a measurement resolution of up to 1 μm/m. Besides the conventional monitoring targets used for displacement recordings, measurement equipment like strain gages and pressure cells are also installed in the crosssection under investigation. Back-calculated strain from absolute displacements and the readings from the strain gages show good agreement with the results of the conducted fibre-optic measurements and verify the suitability of the used system.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalRock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Aug 2019

Fingerprint

strain measurement
shotcrete
Strain measurement
fiber optics
Linings
cable
gauge
Fiber optics
Strain gages
Cables
cavity
spatial resolution
tunnel
monitoring
Tunnels
rock
Rocks
Monitoring

Keywords

  • Distributed fibre-optic sensing
  • Strain measurement
  • Shotcrete lining
  • Tunnelling

Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production

Cite this

Direct and Distributed Strain Measurements Inside a Shotcrete Lining: Concept and Realisation. / Wagner, Lukas; Kluckner, Alexander; Monsberger, Christoph; Wolf, Petra; Prall, Karoline; Schubert, Wulf; Lienhart, Werner.

In: Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 12.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Schubert, Wulf

AU - Lienhart, Werner

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N2 - This paper introduces the successful implementation of a fibre-optic sensing system for direct and distributed strain measurement within the shotcrete lining of a conventional tunnel drive. The shotcrete lining of the top-heading and the invert are equipped with two layers (rock side and cavity side) of fibre-optic sensing cables installed in circumferential and longitudinal direction. All cables are measured autonomously for several weeks to capture the strain evolution inside the lining from the day of the construction to a posterior, well-hardened state. An additional follow-up measurement is conducted 2 months afterwards. The measurements enable an assessment of the strain distribution inside the lining with a spatial resolution in the range of some centimetres and a measurement resolution of up to 1 μm/m. Besides the conventional monitoring targets used for displacement recordings, measurement equipment like strain gages and pressure cells are also installed in the crosssection under investigation. Back-calculated strain from absolute displacements and the readings from the strain gages show good agreement with the results of the conducted fibre-optic measurements and verify the suitability of the used system.

AB - This paper introduces the successful implementation of a fibre-optic sensing system for direct and distributed strain measurement within the shotcrete lining of a conventional tunnel drive. The shotcrete lining of the top-heading and the invert are equipped with two layers (rock side and cavity side) of fibre-optic sensing cables installed in circumferential and longitudinal direction. All cables are measured autonomously for several weeks to capture the strain evolution inside the lining from the day of the construction to a posterior, well-hardened state. An additional follow-up measurement is conducted 2 months afterwards. The measurements enable an assessment of the strain distribution inside the lining with a spatial resolution in the range of some centimetres and a measurement resolution of up to 1 μm/m. Besides the conventional monitoring targets used for displacement recordings, measurement equipment like strain gages and pressure cells are also installed in the crosssection under investigation. Back-calculated strain from absolute displacements and the readings from the strain gages show good agreement with the results of the conducted fibre-optic measurements and verify the suitability of the used system.

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