Direct and Distributed Strain Measurements Inside a Shotcrete Lining: Concept and Realisation

Lukas Wagner*, Alexander Kluckner, Christoph Monsberger, Petra Wolf, Karoline Prall, Wulf Schubert, Werner Lienhart

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper introduces the successful implementation of a fibre-optic sensing system for direct and distributed strain measurement within the shotcrete lining of a conventional tunnel drive. The shotcrete lining of the top-heading and the invert are equipped with two layers (rock side and cavity side) of fibre-optic sensing cables installed in circumferential and longitudinal direction. All cables are measured autonomously for several weeks to capture the strain evolution inside the lining from the day of the construction to a posterior, well-hardened state. An additional follow-up measurement is conducted 2 months afterwards. The measurements enable an assessment of the strain distribution inside the lining with a spatial resolution in the range of some centimetres and a measurement resolution of up to 1 μm/m. Besides the conventional monitoring targets used for displacement recordings, measurement equipment like strain gages and pressure cells are also installed in the crosssection under investigation. Back-calculated strain from absolute displacements and the readings from the strain gages show good agreement with the results of the conducted fibre-optic measurements and verify the suitability of the used system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641–652
Number of pages12
JournalRock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Distributed fibre-optic sensing
  • Strain measurement
  • Shotcrete lining
  • Tunnelling

Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production


Dive into the research topics of 'Direct and Distributed Strain Measurements Inside a Shotcrete Lining: Concept and Realisation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this