Cubic Li7La3Zr2O12(LLZO), stabilized by supervalent cations, is one of the most promising oxide electrolyte to realize inherently safe all-solid-state batteries. It is of great interest to evaluate the strategy of supervalent stabilization in similar compounds and to describe its effect on ionic bulk conductivity σ′bulk. Here, we synthesized solid solutions of Li7-xLa3M2-xTaxO12 with M = Hf, Sn over the full compositional range (x = 0, 0.25..2). It turned out that Ta contents at x of 0.25 (M = Hf, LLHTO) and 0.5 (M = Sn, LLSTO) are necessary to yield phase pure cubic Li7-xLa3M2-xTaxO12. The maximum in total conductivity for LLHTO (2 × 10-4 S cm-1) is achieved for x = 1.0; the associated activation energy is 0.46 eV. At x = 0.5 and x = 1.0, we observe two conductivity anomalies that are qualitatively in agreement with the rule of Meyer and Neldel. For LLSTO, at x = 0.75 the conductivity σ′bulk turned out to be 7.94 × 10-5 S cm-1 (0.46 eV); the almost monotonic decrease of ion bulk conductivity from x = 0.75 to x = 2 in this series is in line with Meyer-Neldel's compensation behavior showing that a decrease in Ea is accompanied by a decrease of the Arrhenius prefactor. Altogether, the system might serve as an attractive alternative to Al-stabilized (or Ga-stabilized) Li7La3Zr2O12 as LLHTO is also anticipated to be highly stable against Li metal.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films