FWF - SILENES - Unsaturated Cyclopolysilanes

Project: Research project

Description

Open chained and cyclic molecules with carbon-element double bonds are of outstanding importance in organic chemistry e. g. in the fields of natural and pharmaceutical products, material science and plastics technology. Based on their considerably lower stabilities the corresponding silicon based species were long considered as "laboratory curiosities". Nevertheless, compounds with silicon-element double bonds were extensively investigated in the last 30 years so that nowadays a more or less detailed picture about their synthesis and reactivity exists. The majority of these studies, however, concerned open chained structures and not much is known about the corresponding rings. In particular cyclopolysilanes (cyclic molecules made up by silicon atoms) containing doubly bonded silicon atoms are of tremendous interest. Based on the unique bond structures likely featured by this class of compounds exceptional properties with respect to molecular structures, electronic spectra and reactivites such as long-wavelength light absorption, photochemical activity or photoluminescence can be expected. In the present project, thus, previously unknown cyclopolysilanes with silicon-element double bonds shall be comprehensively studied with the following primary targets:
- synthesis and complete characterization of the target compounds
- exploration of unusual reactivity patterns
- investigation of bonding properties within the target compounds applying modern structural, spectroscopic and electrochemical methods supported by computational studies
From the results of this project we expect important contributions to the chemistry of the target compounds but also to a detailed theoretical description of Si=E multiple bonds which still continues to be controversial in the literature.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date1/04/1730/09/20