Beech laminated veneer lumber (LVL) circular hollow sections for use as nails in temporary geotechnical soil nailing systems were developed within this research. For the soil wall stability, beside a sufficient load carrying capacity of the nail cross section, a load carrying connection between the cement annulus and the nail is necessary. As cement grout ensures the bond between the nails and soil for the mobilisation of a soil reinforcement effect, a reliable connection between cement and wood surface is required. Occurring shear forces must be transferred from the nail into the soil through the wood-cement interface similar to reinforced concrete. Pull-off tests on clear LVL specimens with different cement and wood surface modifications as well as the results of large-scale push-out tests are presented. The results reveal a sufficient short-term bonding strength between the cement annulus and the wooden member to transfer the geotechnical loads, but also highlight the necessity of further research on long-term behaviour.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)