Wheat bran biodegradation by edible Pleurotus fungi – A sustainable perspective for food and feed

Elisa Wanzenböck*, Silvia Apprich, Özge Tirpanalan, Ulrike Zitz, Daniel Kracher, Karl Schedle, Wolfgang Kneifel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Wheat bran, a side product of the milling industry, can serve as valuable food component, feed ingredient or feedstock for biorefineries. However, all these applications bear drawbacks of sensory, physiological and technological challenges. The present study investigates an alternative utilization strategy of wheat bran as substrate for mushroom production and evaluates residual substrates for further sustainable application possibilities. Substrates containing 250 g/kg, 500 g/kg and 980 g/kg of wheat bran were inoculated with spores of Pleurotus eryngii and Pleurotus ostreatus followed by solid-state fermentation. Highest biomass yield, protein content and dry matter were obtained on 980 g/kg of bran when inoculated with Pleurotus eryngii. Beyond that, fermentation also markedly decreased the phytate content, the viscosity and the neutral detergent fiber level in this substrate. Furthermore, the substrate containing 980 g/kg bran displayed a remarkable decrease in neutral detergent fiber. Pleurotus fungi production on wheat bran leads to improved edible mushroom quality compared to commonly used substrates and also offers some innovative application possibilities of the fermented substrate in animal feeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalLWT
Volume86
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Mushroom cultivation
  • Pleurotus
  • Solid-state fermentation
  • Wheat bran

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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