Use of a catalytic stripper as an alternative to the original PMP measurement protocol

Leonidas Ntziachristos, Stavros Amanatidis, Zissis Samaras, Barouch Giechaskiel, Alexander Bergmann

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The Particle Measurement Programme (PMP) developed an exhaust particle number measurement protocol that has been adopted by current light duty vehicle emission regulations in Europe. This includes thermal treatment of the exhaust aerosol to isolate solid particles only and a number counting device with a lower cutpoint of 23 nm to avoid measurement of smaller particles that may affect the repeatability of the measurement. In this paper, we examine a potential alternative to the PMP system, where the thermal treatment is replaced by a catalytic stripper (CS). This offers oxidation and not just evaporation of the volatile components. Alternative sampling systems, either fulfilling the PMP recommendations or utilizing a CS, have been explored in terms of their volatile particle removal efficiency. Tests have been conducted on diesel exhaust, diesel equipped with DPF and gasoline direct injection emissions. The results showed that the CS offers similar performance characteristics to the PMP when tested on diesel exhaust. In tests with the gasoline vehicle, the CS has been shown of leading to lower particle concentrations than the PMP, indicating that a larger number of particles can be removed as volatiles. Moreover, steady speed tests at 120 kph revealed that the PMP protocol was not sufficient in removing particles below 10 nm, which were completely eliminated when the CS was positioned downstream of an evaporation tube. The results of the study once more confirm the robustness of the PMP protocol for diesel exhaust sampling but also suggest that more analysis is needed before extending the protocol to other vehicle types and/or particle sizes.

Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
EventSAE 2013 World Congress and Exhibition - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: 16 Apr 201318 Apr 2013

Conference

ConferenceSAE 2013 World Congress and Exhibition
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit, MI
Period16/04/1318/04/13

Fingerprint

Gasoline
Evaporation
Heat treatment
Sampling
Direct injection
Particles (particulate matter)
Aerosols
Particle size
Oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Ntziachristos, L., Amanatidis, S., Samaras, Z., Giechaskiel, B., & Bergmann, A. (2013). Use of a catalytic stripper as an alternative to the original PMP measurement protocol. Paper presented at SAE 2013 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-01-1563

Use of a catalytic stripper as an alternative to the original PMP measurement protocol. / Ntziachristos, Leonidas; Amanatidis, Stavros; Samaras, Zissis; Giechaskiel, Barouch; Bergmann, Alexander.

2013. Paper presented at SAE 2013 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review

Ntziachristos, L, Amanatidis, S, Samaras, Z, Giechaskiel, B & Bergmann, A 2013, 'Use of a catalytic stripper as an alternative to the original PMP measurement protocol' Paper presented at SAE 2013 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States, 16/04/13 - 18/04/13, . https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-01-1563
Ntziachristos L, Amanatidis S, Samaras Z, Giechaskiel B, Bergmann A. Use of a catalytic stripper as an alternative to the original PMP measurement protocol. 2013. Paper presented at SAE 2013 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/2013-01-1563
Ntziachristos, Leonidas ; Amanatidis, Stavros ; Samaras, Zissis ; Giechaskiel, Barouch ; Bergmann, Alexander. / Use of a catalytic stripper as an alternative to the original PMP measurement protocol. Paper presented at SAE 2013 World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States.
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