Under the Skin - Determining Electrical Appliances form Surface 3D Scans

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

New computational methods provide means to deduce semantic information from measurements, such as range scans and photographs of building interiors. In this paper, we showcase a method that allows to estimate elements that are not directly observable – ducts and power lines in walls. For this, we combine information, which is deducted by algorithms from the
raw data, with implicit information that is publicly available: technical standards that restrict the placement of powerlines. These requirements define preferred installation zones, which are represented by a rule-based system in the proposed approach.
The approach is structured into the following steps: First, a coarse geometry is extracted from input measurements; i.e. the unstructured, laser-scanned point cloud is transformed into a simplistic building model. Then, visible endpoints of electrical appliances (e.g. sockets, switches) are detected from picture information using machine-learning techniques and a pre-trained
classifier. Afterwards, the positions of installation zones in walls are generated using the rulebased system mentioned above. Finally, a hypothesis of non-visible cable ducts is generated, under the assumption that (i) the real configuration obeys the rules of legal requirements and standards and (ii) the configuration connects all endpoints using as little as possible resources, i.e. cable length. Results of a first automatic pipeline are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlaces and Technologies 2016
Subtitle of host publicationConference Proceedings of the 3rd International Academic Conference on Places and Technologies
Place of PublicationBelgrad
Pages77-84
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-86-7924-160-3
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event3rd International Academic Conference on Places and Technologies - Belgrad, Serbia
Duration: 14 Apr 201615 Apr 2016

Conference

Conference3rd International Academic Conference on Places and Technologies
CountrySerbia
CityBelgrad
Period14/04/1615/04/16

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