Towards Personalization of Diabetes Therapy Using Computerized Decision Support and Machine Learning: Some Open Problems and Challenges

Klaus Donsa, Stephan Spat, Peter Beck, Thomas Pieber, Andreas Holzinger

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a growing global disease which highly affects the individual patient and represents a global health burden with financial impact on national health care systems. Type 1 DM can only be treated with insulin, whereas for patients with type 2 DM a wide range of therapeutic options are available. These options include lifestyle changes such as change of diet and an increase of physical activity, but also administration of oral or injectable antidiabetic drugs. The diabetes therapy, especially with insulin, is complex. Therapy decisions include various medical and life-style related information. Computerized decision support systems (CDSS) aim to improve the treatment process in patient’s self-management but also in institutional care. Therefore, the personalization of the patient’s diabetes treatment is possible at different levels. It can provide medication support and therapy control, which aid to correctly estimate the personal medication requirements and improves the adherence to therapy goals. It also supports long-term disease management, aiming to develop a personalization of care according to the patient’s risk stratification. Personalization of therapy is also facilitated by using new therapy aids like food and activity recognition systems, lifestyle support tools and pattern recognition for insulin therapy optimization. In this work we cover relevant parameters to personalize diabetes therapy, how CDSS can support the therapy process and the role of machine learning in this context. Moreover, we identify open problems and challenges for the personalization of diabetes therapy with focus on decision support systems and machine learning technology.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSmart Health: Open Problems and Future Challenges, Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science LNCS 8700
Place of PublicationCham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London
PublisherSpringer
Pages237-260
Edition1
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-16225-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Machine Learning
  • Health Informatics

Fields of Expertise

  • Information, Communication & Computing

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)
  • Theoretical
  • Experimental

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    Donsa, K., Spat, S., Beck, P., Pieber, T., & Holzinger, A. (2015). Towards Personalization of Diabetes Therapy Using Computerized Decision Support and Machine Learning: Some Open Problems and Challenges. In Smart Health: Open Problems and Future Challenges, Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science LNCS 8700 (1 ed., pp. 237-260). Cham, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16226-3_10