Three-dimensional vectorial imaging of surface phonon polaritons

Xiaoyan Li, Georg Haberfehlner, Ulrich Hohenester, Odile Stephan, Gerald Kothleitner*, Mathieu Kociak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Surface phonon polaritons (SPhPs) are coupled photon-phonon excitations that emerge at the surfacesof nanostructured materials. Although they strongly influence the optical and thermal behavior ofnanomaterials, no technique has been able to reveal the complete three-dimensional (3D) vectorialpicture of their electromagnetic density of states. Using a highly monochromated electron beam in ascanning transmission electron microscope, we could visualize varying SPhP signatures fromnanoscale MgO cubes as a function of the beam position, energy loss, and tilt angle. The SPhPs’response was described in terms of eigenmodes and used to tomographically reconstruct thephononic surface electromagnetic fields of the object. Such 3D information promises insights innanoscale physical phenomena and is invaluable to the design and optimization of nanostructuresfor fascinating new uses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1364-1367
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume371
Issue number6536
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)

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