Thermophysical Properties of Liquid Aluminum

Matthias Leitner, Thomas Leitner, Alexander Schmon, Kirmanj Aziz, Gernot Pottlacher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ohmic pulse-heating with sub-microsecond time resolution is used to obtain thermophysical properties for aluminum in the liquid phase. Measurement of current through the sample, voltage drop across the sample, surface radiation, and volume expansion allow the calculation of specific heat capacity and the temperature dependencies of electrical resistivity, enthalpy, and density of the sample at melting and in the liquid phase. Thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity as a function of temperature are estimated from resistivity data using the Wiedemann--Franz law. Data for liquid aluminum obtained by pulse-heating are quite rare because of the low melting temperature of aluminum with 933.47 K (660.32 textdegreeC), as the fast operating pyrometers used for the pulse-heating technique with rise times of about 100 ns generally might not be able to resolve the melting plateau of aluminum because they are not sensitive enough for such low temperature ranges. To overcome this obstacle, we constructed a new, fast pyrometer sensitive in this temperature region. Electromagnetic levitation, as the second experimental approach used, delivers data for surface tension (this quantity is not available by means of the pulse-heating technique) and for density of aluminum as a function of temperature. Data obtained will be extensively compared to existing literature data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2017

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

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