The role of the GGGX motif in determining the activity and enantioselectivity of pig liver esterase towards tertiary alcohols

M Gall, R Kourist, M Schmidt, U T Bornscheuer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The GGG(A) X motif has been reported to determine the activity of esterases or lipases towards tertiary alcohols. The gamma-isoenzyme of pig liver esterase (gamma-PLE, PLE 1) contains a GGGX motif; this motif was systematically mutated to the corresponding AGGX, GAGX, GGAX, AAAX, AAGX, AGAX and GAAX motifs to investigate its influence on the activity and especially enantioselectivity in the kinetic resolution of three acetates of tertiary alcohols. None of the mutants showed higher enantioselectivity than the starting enzyme (E = 17), and mutation of the central glycine to alanine completely destroyed activity and selectivity. Hence, only subtle changes of this crucial motif lead to substantial changes in esterase properties. These findings were analyzed and interpreted by computer modeling.
LanguageEnglish
Pages201-208
Number of pages8
JournalBiocatalysis and biotransformation
Volume28
DOIs
StatusPublished - 2010

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Enantioselectivity
Esterases
Liver
Alcohols
Swine
Isoenzymes
Lipases
Lipase
Alanine
Glycine
Amino acids
Acetates
Enzymes
Mutation
Kinetics

Keywords

  • alcohol bacillus-subtilis biocatalysis cloning enantioselectivity functional expression GGG(A) X motif identification kinetic resolution molecular modeling mutants pichia-pastoris pig liver esterase space tertiary versatile

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The role of the GGGX motif in determining the activity and enantioselectivity of pig liver esterase towards tertiary alcohols. / Gall, M; Kourist, R; Schmidt, M; Bornscheuer, U T.

In: Biocatalysis and biotransformation, Vol. 28, 2010, p. 201-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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