The microstructure matters: breaking down the barriers with single crystalline silicon as negative electrode in Li-ion batteries

Michael Sternad, Magdalena Forster, Martin Wilkening

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Silicon-based microelectronics forms a major foundation of our modern society. Small lithium-ion batteries act as the key enablers of its success and have revolutionised portable electronics used in our all everyday’s life. While large-scale LIBs are expected to help establish electric vehicles, on the other end of device size chip-integrated Si-based μ-batteries may revolutionise microelectronics once more. In general, Si is regarded as one of the white hopes since it offers energy densities being ten times higher than conventional anode materials. The use of monocrystalline, wafer-grade Si, however, requires several hurdles to be overcome since it its volume largely expands during lithiation. Here, we will show how 3D patterned Si wafers, prepared by the sophisticated techniques from semiconductor industry, are to be electrochemically activated to overcome these limitations and to leverage their full potential being reflected in stable charge capacities (>1000mAhg–1) and high Coulomb efficiencies (98.8%).
Original languageEnglish
Article number31712
Number of pages8
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2016

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