The Hidden World Within Plants: Ecological and evolutionary considerations for defining functioning of microbial endophytes

PR Hardoim, L van Overbeek, Gabriele Berg, A Pirttilä, S Compante, Alberto Campisano, M Döring, A. Sessitsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

All plants are inhabited internally by diverse microbial communities comprising bacterial, archaeal, fungal, and protistic taxa. These microorganisms showing endophytic lifestyles play crucial roles in plant development, growth, fitness, and diversification. The increasing awareness of and information on endophytes provide insight into the complexity of the plant microbiome. The nature of plant-endophyte interactions ranges from mutualism to pathogenicity. This depends on a set of abiotic and biotic factors, including the genotypes of plants and microbes, environmental conditions, and the dynamic network of interactions within the plant biome. In this review, we address the concept of endophytism, considering the latest insights into evolution, plant ecosystem functioning, and multipartite interactions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMicrobiology and Molecular Biology Reviews
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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