Fix non-zero reals α1, … , αn with n≥ 2 and let K be a non-empty open connected set in a topological vector space such that ∑ i≤nαiK⊆ K (which holds, in particular, if K is an open convex cone and α1, … , αn> 0). Let also Y be a vector space over F: = Q(α1, … , αn). We show, among others, that a function f: K→ Y satisfies the general linear equation ∀x1,…,xn∈K,f(∑i≤nαixi)=∑i≤nαif(xi)if and only if there exist a unique F-linear AX→ Y and unique b∈ Y such that f(x) = A(x) + b for all x∈ K, with b= 0 if ∑ i≤nαi≠ 1. The main tool of the proof is a general version of a result Radó and Baker on the existence and uniqueness of extension of the solution on the classical Pexider equation.
- existence and uniqueness of extension
- general linear equation
- open connected set
- Pexider equation
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