The Combyn™ ECG: Adding haemodynamic and fluid leads for the ECG. Part II: Prediction of total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), ECF overload, fat mass (FM) and "dry" appendicular muscle mass (AppMM)

Falko Skrabal, Georg P Pichler, Mathias Penatzer, Johannes Steinbichl, Anna-Katharina Hanserl, Albrecht Leis, Herbert Loibner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Simultaneous with a 12 channel ECG, body composition was analysed by segmental multi-frequency impedance analysis in 101 healthy subjects and in 118 patients with chronic heart failure (CHF, n= 40), chronic renal failure with haemodialysis (HD, n= 20), and miscellaneous internal diseases (n= 58). Whole body DXA and sodium bromide dilution were used as reference methods for total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), appendicular muscle mass (AppMM) and fat mass (FM). Empirical prediction equations were developed in a randomized evaluation sample and then evaluated in unknowns. TBW, ECF, AppMM and FM could be predicted with regression coefficients of 0.96, 0.90, 0.95 and 0.93, respectively, all with p< 0.001. Only segmental impedances and height, but not age, sex, weight and BMI contributed to the prediction of water compartments. About half the patients with CHF and half of those on HD showed increased ECF/ICF ratio in relation to % FM at the legs but not at the thorax. The predicted AppMM was additionally corrected for increased ECF to determine "dry AppMM", which is markedly lower than the misleading reference DXA. This methodology shows promise as a combination of routine ECG with measurement of body composition, assessment of sarcopenia and detection of overhydration.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMedical engineering & physics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2017

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Body Water
Extracellular Fluid
Hemodynamics
Oils and fats
Electrocardiography
Muscle
Fats
Muscles
Fluids
Body Composition
Electric Impedance
Water
Sarcopenia
Chemical analysis
Dilution
Chronic Kidney Failure
Renal Dialysis
Leg
Healthy Volunteers
Thorax

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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The Combyn™ ECG : Adding haemodynamic and fluid leads for the ECG. Part II: Prediction of total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), ECF overload, fat mass (FM) and "dry" appendicular muscle mass (AppMM). / Skrabal, Falko; Pichler, Georg P; Penatzer, Mathias; Steinbichl, Johannes; Hanserl, Anna-Katharina; Leis, Albrecht; Loibner, Herbert.

In: Medical engineering & physics, 31.03.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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abstract = "Simultaneous with a 12 channel ECG, body composition was analysed by segmental multi-frequency impedance analysis in 101 healthy subjects and in 118 patients with chronic heart failure (CHF, n= 40), chronic renal failure with haemodialysis (HD, n= 20), and miscellaneous internal diseases (n= 58). Whole body DXA and sodium bromide dilution were used as reference methods for total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), appendicular muscle mass (AppMM) and fat mass (FM). Empirical prediction equations were developed in a randomized evaluation sample and then evaluated in unknowns. TBW, ECF, AppMM and FM could be predicted with regression coefficients of 0.96, 0.90, 0.95 and 0.93, respectively, all with p< 0.001. Only segmental impedances and height, but not age, sex, weight and BMI contributed to the prediction of water compartments. About half the patients with CHF and half of those on HD showed increased ECF/ICF ratio in relation to {\%} FM at the legs but not at the thorax. The predicted AppMM was additionally corrected for increased ECF to determine {"}dry AppMM{"}, which is markedly lower than the misleading reference DXA. This methodology shows promise as a combination of routine ECG with measurement of body composition, assessment of sarcopenia and detection of overhydration.",
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AU - Skrabal, Falko

AU - Pichler, Georg P

AU - Penatzer, Mathias

AU - Steinbichl, Johannes

AU - Hanserl, Anna-Katharina

AU - Leis, Albrecht

AU - Loibner, Herbert

N1 - Copyright © 2017 IPEM. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017/3/31

Y1 - 2017/3/31

N2 - Simultaneous with a 12 channel ECG, body composition was analysed by segmental multi-frequency impedance analysis in 101 healthy subjects and in 118 patients with chronic heart failure (CHF, n= 40), chronic renal failure with haemodialysis (HD, n= 20), and miscellaneous internal diseases (n= 58). Whole body DXA and sodium bromide dilution were used as reference methods for total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), appendicular muscle mass (AppMM) and fat mass (FM). Empirical prediction equations were developed in a randomized evaluation sample and then evaluated in unknowns. TBW, ECF, AppMM and FM could be predicted with regression coefficients of 0.96, 0.90, 0.95 and 0.93, respectively, all with p< 0.001. Only segmental impedances and height, but not age, sex, weight and BMI contributed to the prediction of water compartments. About half the patients with CHF and half of those on HD showed increased ECF/ICF ratio in relation to % FM at the legs but not at the thorax. The predicted AppMM was additionally corrected for increased ECF to determine "dry AppMM", which is markedly lower than the misleading reference DXA. This methodology shows promise as a combination of routine ECG with measurement of body composition, assessment of sarcopenia and detection of overhydration.

AB - Simultaneous with a 12 channel ECG, body composition was analysed by segmental multi-frequency impedance analysis in 101 healthy subjects and in 118 patients with chronic heart failure (CHF, n= 40), chronic renal failure with haemodialysis (HD, n= 20), and miscellaneous internal diseases (n= 58). Whole body DXA and sodium bromide dilution were used as reference methods for total body water (TBW), extracellular fluid (ECF), appendicular muscle mass (AppMM) and fat mass (FM). Empirical prediction equations were developed in a randomized evaluation sample and then evaluated in unknowns. TBW, ECF, AppMM and FM could be predicted with regression coefficients of 0.96, 0.90, 0.95 and 0.93, respectively, all with p< 0.001. Only segmental impedances and height, but not age, sex, weight and BMI contributed to the prediction of water compartments. About half the patients with CHF and half of those on HD showed increased ECF/ICF ratio in relation to % FM at the legs but not at the thorax. The predicted AppMM was additionally corrected for increased ECF to determine "dry AppMM", which is markedly lower than the misleading reference DXA. This methodology shows promise as a combination of routine ECG with measurement of body composition, assessment of sarcopenia and detection of overhydration.

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