Synthesis, X-ray Structure, Hirshfeld, DFT and Biological Studies on a Quinazolinone-Nitrate Complex

Eman M. Fathalla, Mezna Saleh Altowyan, Joerg H. Albering, Assem Barakat, Morsy A. M. Abu-Youssef*, Saied M. Soliman*, Ahmed M. A. Badr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The reaction of 4-hydroxyquinazoline (4HQZ) with aqueous solution of nitric acid afforded the corresponding quinazolinone-nitrate (4HQZN) complex in very good yield. The crystal structure of 4HQZN was determined and its structural and supramolecular structural aspects were analyzed. 4HQZN crystallized in the space group P21/c and monoclinic crystal system with one [4HQZ-H]+[NO3]− formula and Z = 4. Its supramolecular structure could be described as a 2D infinite layers in which the 4HQZN molecules are connected via N-H…O and C-H…O hydrogen bridges. Using DFT calculations, the relative stability of five suggested isomers of 4HQZN were predicted. It was found that the medium effects have strong impact not only on the isomers’ stability but also on the structure of the 4HQZN. It was found that the structure of 4HQZN in DMSO and methanol matched well with the reported X-ray structure which shed the light on the importance of the intermolecular interactions on the isomers’ stability. The structure of 4HQZN could be described as a proton transfer complex in which the nitrate anion acting as an e-donor whiles the protonated 4HQZ is an e-acceptor. In contrast, the structure of the isolated 4HQZN in gas phase and in cyclohexane could be described as a 4HQZ…HNO3 hydrogen bonded complex. Biological screening of the antioxidant, anticancer and antimicrobial activities of 4HQZ and 4HQZN was presented and compared. It was found that, 4HQZN has higher antioxidant activity (IC50 = 36.59 ± 1.23 µg/mL) than 4HQZ. Both of 4HQZ and 4HQZN showed cell growth inhibition against breast (MCF-7) and lung (A-549) carcinoma cell lines with different extents. The 4HQZ has better activity with IC50 of 178.08 ± 6.24 µg/mL and 119.84 ± 4.98 µg/mL, respectively. The corresponding values for 4HQZN are 249.87 ± 9.71 µg/mL and 237.02 ± 8.64 µg/mL, respectively. Also, the antibacterial and antifungal activities of 4HQZN are higher than 4HQZ against all studied microbes. The most promising result is for 4HQZN against A. fumigatus (MIC = 312.5 μg/mL).
Original languageEnglish
Article number1089
Number of pages20
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022


  • Anticancer
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antioxidant
  • DFT
  • Hirshfeld
  • Isomers’ stability
  • Quinazolinone-nitrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science


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