Subcritical random hypergraphs, high-order components, and hypertrees

Oliver Josef Nikolaus Cooley, Wenjie Fang, Nicola Del Giudice, Mihyun Kang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

One of the central topics in the theory of random graphs deals with the phase transition in the order of the largest components. In the binomial random graph G(n, p), the threshold for the appearance of the unique largest component (also known as the giant component) is pg = n−1. More precisely, when p changes from (1 – ε)pg (subcritical case) to pg and then to (1 + ε)pg (supercritical case) for ε > 0, with high probability the order of the largest component increases smoothly from O(ε−2 log(ε3n)) to Θ(n2/3) and then to (1 ± o(1))2εn. Furthermore, in the supercritical case, with high probability the largest components except the giant component are trees of order O(ε–2 log(ε3n)), exhibiting a structural symmetry between the subcritical random graph and the graph obtained from the supercritical random graph by deleting its giant component. As a natural generalisation of random graphs and connectedness, we consider the binomial random k-uniform hypergraph ℋk(n, p) (where each k-tuple of vertices is present as a hyperedge with probability p independently) and the following notion of high-order connectedness. Given an integer 1 ≤ j ≤ k – 1, two sets of j vertices are called j-connected if there is a walk of hyperedges between them such that any two consecutive hyperedges intersect in at least j vertices. A j-connected component is a maximal collection of pairwise j-connected j-tuples of vertices. Recently, the threshold for the appearance of the giant j-connected component in ℋk(n, p) and its order were determined. In this article, we take a closer look at the subcritical random hypergraph. We determine the structure and size (i.e. number of hyperedges) of the largest j-connected components, with the help of a certain class of “hypertrees” and related objects. In our proofs, we combine various probabilistic and enumerative techniques, such as generating functions and couplings with branching processes. Our study will pave the way to establishing a symmetry between the subcritical random hypergraph and the hypergraph obtained from the supercritical random hypergraph by deleting its giant j-connected component.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 Proceedings of the Meeting on Analytic Algorithmics and Combinatorics (ANALCO)
PublisherSIAM - Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics
Pages111-118
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-61197-550-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event16th Workshop on Analytic Algorithmics and Combinatorics - San Diego, United States
Duration: 6 Jan 2019 → …

Conference

Conference16th Workshop on Analytic Algorithmics and Combinatorics
Abbreviated titleANALCO 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period6/01/19 → …

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