Statistično načrtovanje postopka apretiranja viskoznih tkanin iz močno vite preje - 1. del: Apretiranje z reagenti z nizko vsebnostjo formaldehida

Translated title of the contribution: Statistical designing of finishing process for viscose fabrics made from hard twisted yarn - Part 1: Finishing with reagents with low formaldehyde content

Severina Iskrač*, Karin Stana Kleinschek, Majda Sfiligoj Smole, Simona Strnad, Bojana Vončina, Mojca Štrafela

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

Abstract

The results of mathematical-statistical method for optimizing cross-linking of fabrics made from hard twisted yarn by using a reagent with low formaldehyde content - methylated dimethyloldihydroxyethylene urea (DMDHEU) are presented in the paper. The influence of the concentration of a cross-linking reagent, catalyst and non-ionic softener on certain applicability properties of finished viscose fabric is investigated. The following parameters were monitored: the degree of viscose fibres swelling, the breaking force, the breaking elongation and the angle of decreasing, as well as the influence of the finishing process on the colour of viscose fabrics made from hard twisted yarn. By using a cross-linking reagent with low formaldehyde content the following has been obtained: the decrease of viscose fibres swelling by 29.5 % - 62.7 %, the increase of the angle of decreasing by 18.4 % - 144.3%, the reduction of breaking force (by 7.2 % - 22.9 %) and the breaking elongation (by 6.2 % - 20.9 %). The process of cross-linking does not cause any noticeable colour deviations on dyed fabrics.

Original languageSlovenian
Pages159-166
Number of pages8
Volume47
No.5-6
Specialist publicationTekstilec
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angle of decrease
  • Cellulose fibres
  • Colorimetry
  • Cross-linking with low formal-dehyde content
  • High-grade finishing
  • Mathematical-statistical methods of experiments designing
  • Mechanical properties
  • Swelling capacity of viscose fibres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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