Spectroelectrochemical investigation of the glyoxal oxidase activation mechanism

Lena Wohlschlager, Daniel Kracher, Stefan Scheiblbrandner, Florian Csarman, Roland Ludwig*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Glyoxal oxidase (GLOX) is an extracellular source of H2O2 in white-rot secretomes, where it acts in concert with peroxidases to degrade lignin. It has been reported that GLOX requires activation prior to catalytic turnover and that a peroxidase system can fulfill this task. In this study, we verify that an oxidation product of horseradish peroxidase, the radical cation of 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid), is an activator for GLOX. A spectroelectrochemical cell was used to generate the activating radical species, to continuously measure its concentration, and to simultaneously measure the catalytic activity of GLOX based on its O2 consumption. The results show that GLOX can undergo multiple catalytic turnovers upon activation and that activity increases with the activator concentration. However, we also found that the ABTS cation radical can serve as an electron acceptor which becomes visible in the absence of O2. Furthermore, GLOX activity is highly restrained by the naturally occurring, low O2 concentration. We conclude that GLOX is indeed an auxiliary enzyme for H2O2 production in white-rot secretomes. Its turnover rate is strongly regulated by the availability of O2 and the radical generating activity of peroxidases present in the secretome, which acts as a feedback loop for GLOX activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107845
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • ABTS radical cation
  • Enzyme activation
  • Glyoxal oxidase
  • Spectroelectrochemical cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry


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