Solar Eclipses and the Surface Properties of Water

Elmar C. Fuchs, Gerrit Oudakker, Martin Justinek, Nigel Dyer, Jakob Woisetschläger, Kevin Godines, Matthias Mäder, Friedemann T. Freund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

During four solar eclipse events (two annular, one total and one partial) a correlation was observed between a change in water surface tension and the magnitude of the optical coverage. During one eclipse, evaporation experiments were carried out which showed a reduction in water evaporation at the same time as a rise in the surface tension. The changes did not occur on a day without a solar eclipse and are not correlated to changes in temperature, pressure, humidity of the environment. The effects are delayed by 20, 85, 30 and 37 min, respectively, compared to the maximum eclipse. Possible mechanisms responsible for this effect are presented, the most likely hypothesis being reduced water/muon interaction due to solar wind and cosmic radiation blocking during an eclipse. As an alternative hypotheses, we propose a novel neutrino/water interaction and overview of other, less likely mechanisms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-43
JournalEarth, Moon, and Planets
Volume123
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2019

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solar eclipse
surface tension
evaporation
water
solar wind
humidity
experiment
temperature
effect

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Fuchs, E. C., Oudakker, G., Justinek, M., Dyer, N., Woisetschläger, J., Godines, K., ... Freund, F. T. (2019). Solar Eclipses and the Surface Properties of Water. Earth, Moon, and Planets, 123, 15-43. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11038-019-09529-0

Solar Eclipses and the Surface Properties of Water. / Fuchs, Elmar C.; Oudakker, Gerrit; Justinek, Martin; Dyer, Nigel; Woisetschläger, Jakob; Godines, Kevin ; Mäder, Matthias; Freund, Friedemann T.

In: Earth, Moon, and Planets, Vol. 123, 30.09.2019, p. 15-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Fuchs, EC, Oudakker, G, Justinek, M, Dyer, N, Woisetschläger, J, Godines, K, Mäder, M & Freund, FT 2019, 'Solar Eclipses and the Surface Properties of Water' Earth, Moon, and Planets, vol. 123, pp. 15-43. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11038-019-09529-0
Fuchs, Elmar C. ; Oudakker, Gerrit ; Justinek, Martin ; Dyer, Nigel ; Woisetschläger, Jakob ; Godines, Kevin ; Mäder, Matthias ; Freund, Friedemann T. / Solar Eclipses and the Surface Properties of Water. In: Earth, Moon, and Planets. 2019 ; Vol. 123. pp. 15-43.
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