In recent years, maximizing G\'al sums regained interest due to a firm link with large values of $L$-functions. In the present paper, we initiate an investigation of small sums of G\'al type, with respect to the $L^1$-norm. We also consider the intertwined question of minimizing weighted versions of the usual multiplicative energy. We apply our estimates to: (i) a logarithmic refinement of Burgess' bound on character sums, improving previous results of Kerr, Shparlinski and Yau; (ii) an improvement on earlier lower bounds by Louboutin and the second author for the number of non vanishing theta functions associated to Dirichlet characters; and (iii) new lower bounds for low moments of character sums.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||arXiv.org e-Print archive|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Jun 2019|
- 11L40, 11N37 (Primary), 05D05, 11F27 (Secondary)