Recombination centers in 4H-SiC investigated by electrically detected magnetic resonance and ab initio modeling

J. Cottom, Gernot Gruber, P. Hadley, M. Koch, G. Pobegen, T. Aichinger, A. Shluger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Electrically detected magnetic resonance (EDMR) is a powerful technique for the observation and categorization of paramagnetic defects within semiconductors. The interpretation of the recorded EDMR spectra has long proved to be challenging. Here, defect spectra are identified by comparing EDMR measurements with extensive ab initio calculations. The defect identification is based upon the defect symmetry and the form of the hyperfine (HF) structure. A full description is given of how an accurate spectrum can be generated from the theoretical data by considering some thousand individual HF contributions out of some billion possibilities. This approach is illustrated with a defect observed in nitrogen implanted silicon carbide (SiC). Nitrogen implantation is a high energy process that gives rise to a high defect concentration. The majority of these defects are removed during the dopant activation anneal, shifting the interstitial nitrogen to the desired substitutional lattice sites, where they act as shallow donors. EDMR shows that a deep-level defect persists after the dopant activation anneal. This defect is characterized as having a g c ∥ B = 2.0054 (4) and g c ⊥ B = 2.0006 (4), with pronounced hyperfine shoulder peaks with a 13 G peak to peak separation. The nitrogen at a carbon site next to a silicon vacancy (N C V Si) center is identified as the persistent deep-level defect responsible for the observed EDMR signal and the associated dopant deactivation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number181507
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume119
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2016

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silicon carbides
magnetic resonance
defects
nitrogen
activation
shoulders
hyperfine structure
deactivation
implantation
interstitials
carbon
symmetry
silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Cite this

Recombination centers in 4H-SiC investigated by electrically detected magnetic resonance and ab initio modeling. / Cottom, J.; Gruber, Gernot; Hadley, P.; Koch, M.; Pobegen, G.; Aichinger, T.; Shluger, A.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 119, No. 18, 181507, 14.05.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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