Recent developments in compartmentalization of chemoenzymatic cascade reactions

Daniel Kracher, Robert Kourist*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Uniting the unparalleled stereoselectivity of enzymes with the efficiency of chemical catalysis offers high product yields and atom economy while limiting downstream processing efforts. However, despite an impressive series of proof-of-concept studies, the field has not yet achieved broad applicability, especially in regard to industrial requirements. Although the focus has been mostly on proof-of-concept studies with well-established model enzymes such as lipases, transaminases, and alcohol dehydrogenases, we expect that the catalytic diversity will soon increase. However, this means that several challenges such as the stability and compatibility of the catalysts, their preference for different solvents, and their possible cross-reactivities in complex reactions need to be tackled. A powerful strategy to overcome these frequently observed ‘incompatibility problems’ of multistep cascade reactions is by physical separation of individual reaction steps through compartmentalization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100538
JournalCurrent Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Biocatalysis
  • Biotransformation
  • Chemo-/enzymatic synthesis
  • Compartmentalization
  • Enzyme scaffolding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Recent developments in compartmentalization of chemoenzymatic cascade reactions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this