Quasi-epitaxial Metal-Halide Perovskite Ligand Shells on PbS Nanocrystals

Mykhailo Sytnyk, Sergii Yakunin, Wolfgang Schöfberger, Rainer T. Lechner, Max Burian, Lukas Ludescher, Niall A. Killilea, Amirabbas Yousefiamin, Dominik Kriegner, Julian Stangl, Heiko Groiss, Wolfgang Heiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Epitaxial growth techniques enable nearly defect free heterostructures with coherent interfaces, which are of utmost importance for high performance electronic devices. While high-vacuum technology-based growth techniques are state-of-the art, here we pursue a purely solution processed approach to obtain nanocrystals with eptaxially coherent and quasi-lattice matched inorganic ligand shells. Octahedral metal-halide clusters, respectively 0-dimensional perovskites, were employed as ligands to match the coordination geometry of the PbS cubic rock-salt lattice. Different clusters (CH3NH3 +)(6-x)[M(x+)Hal6](6-x)- (Mx+ = Pb(II), Bi(III), Mn(II), In(III), Hal = Cl, I) were attached to the nanocrystal surfaces via a scalable phase transfer procedure. The ligand attachment and coherence of the formed PbS/ligand core/shell interface was confirmed by combining the results from transmission electron microscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and powder X-ray diffraction. The lattice mismatch between ligand shell and nanocrystal core plays a key role in performance. In photoconducting devices the best performance (detectivity of 2 × 1011 cm Hz 1/2/W with > 110 kHz bandwidth) was obtained with (CH3NH3)3BiI6 ligands, providing the smallest relative lattice mismatch of ca. ∼1%. PbS nanocrystals with such ligands exhibited in millimeter sized bulk samples in the form of pressed pellets a relatively high carrier mobility for nanocrystal solids of ∼1.3 cm2/(V s), a carrier lifetime of ∼70 μs, and a low residual carrier concentration of 2.6 × 1013 cm-3. Thus, by selection of ligands with appropriate geometry and bond lengths optimized quasi-epitaxial ligand shells were formed on nanocrystals, which are beneficial for applications in optoelectronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1246-1256
Number of pages11
JournalACS Nano
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • conductive ligands
  • epitaxy
  • nanocrystals
  • optoelectronics
  • perovskite
  • photodetectors
  • semiconductors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Sytnyk, M., Yakunin, S., Schöfberger, W., Lechner, R. T., Burian, M., Ludescher, L., ... Heiss, W. (2017). Quasi-epitaxial Metal-Halide Perovskite Ligand Shells on PbS Nanocrystals. ACS Nano, 11(2), 1246-1256. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.6b04721