Potentials and systemic aspects for the integration of renewable energies in the North African and Middle East electricity system

Robert Gaugl*, Udo Bachhiesl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The electricity economies in North Africa and in the Middle East are currently heavily dependent on fossil fuels. As these countries have also signed the Paris Climate Agreement, plans to move towards renewable energies are already in place. The fact that in some of these countries the destruction of power infrastructure due to civil war and hostilities leads to other major challenges. Not only are there large investments needed to restore the electricity infrastructure to offer a reliable power supply without daily outages as is common in some areas, but also the costs of developing a power plant fleet towards the use of renewable energies has to be considered. Initiatives to support development of the African continent like the African-EU-Partnership (AEEP) or the CIGRE World Bank joint initiative for ‘Africa’ could help these countries in using their excessive wind and solar potentials.
In this paper, the existing electricity infrastructure of the countries Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey is implemented into the techno-economic simulation model ATLANTIS from the Institute of Electricity Economics and Energy Innovation / Graz University of Technology. The scenario has been developed based on the national energy plans. To our knowledge, this is the first time such a detailed electricity model has been developed for these countries. In the load-flow analysis the bottlenecks of the transmission system show where future investments into the grid are necessary. If the national energy policies are implemented as planned, it can be seen that the electricity production from renewable energy (including Biofuels, Run-of-River, Solar/PV and Wind) more than doubles from the year 2018 to 2030. This and the fact that many oil and coal fired power plants, are replaced by gas power plants leads to a decrease in CO2-emissions by about forty percent.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-78
Number of pages9
JournalCigre Science & Engineering
Volume19
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020

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