Phase behaviour of hyperbranched polymers in demixed solvents

Philipp Schrader, Tim Zeiner*, Christina Browarzik, Mahmudian Jergarluee Puyan, Sabine Enders

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hyperbranched polymers have attracted increased interest because of their tunable properties, which are affected by their architecture and a wide range of different functional groups. Many applications of hyperbranched polymers have been proposed based on their liquid-liquid phase behaviour. In recent years, the Lattice Cluster Theory (LCT) has been used to consider the impact of the architecture on the phase behaviour of hyperbranched polymers. In the theoretical framework of the LCT, the chain architecture is included in the Helmholtz energy, so all derived properties are influenced by polymer architecture. Until now, the application of the LCT in the field of hyperbranched polymers has been limited to ternary systems composed of one polymer with an arbitrary chain structure, one trimer and one solvent. This paper aims to extend the LCT to a ternary system that includes two polymers with an arbitrary chain structure and one solvent occupying one lattice site. In contrast to previous studies, the ternary system consists of Boltorn H20+butan-1-ol+water, where all of the binary subsystems show demixing behaviour. Whereas experimental data are reported in the literature for the binary subsystems Boltorn H20+water and butan-1-ol+water, no experimental information is available for the binary subsystem Boltorn H20+butan-1-ol. Therefore, the phase behaviour of this subsystem was measured using the visual method. The paper discusses the possibility of predicting the ternary phase behaviour with the LCT in combination with the modified Wertheim theory based on knowledge of the phase behaviour of the corresponding binary subsystems. To verify the theoretical results, the ternary phase equilibria at constant temperature were also measured. In addition, the dependence of the thermodynamic properties on the special production lot of the commercially available Boltorn H20 is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1359-1373
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular Physics
Volume110
Issue number11-12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2012

Keywords

  • hyperbranched polymers
  • Lattice Cluster Theory
  • liquid-liquid equilibria
  • theory of liquids
  • Wertheim theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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