Numerical Simulation on Residual Stress and Substrate Deformation of Bead-On-Plate of SS316L Using Inherent Strain Method

Siti Nursyahirah Ahmad, Yupiter Harangan Prasada Manurung*, Thoufeili Taufek, Martin Leitner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperpeer-review


This paper presents an investigation on deformation behaviour using elastic inherent strain method (ISM). The deformation of bead-on-plate substrate is induced by GMAW process in which the selected material of filler and substrate is austenitic stainless steel SS316L. A simplified rectangular bead geometry is modelled and the process is simulated using numerical software MSC Marc/Mentat. The inherent strain value is estimated based on process parameters and physical properties of selected material, the effective area and the structural clamping positions. The residual stress and deformation result predicted using ISM are to be compared with thermo-mechanical numerical simulation which is executed under consideration of temperature dependent isotropic hardening rule and heat source model using model Goldak’s double ellipsoid. Further, computational time between these two methods are to be compared. It can be concluded that ISM is very potential to be implemented to predict residual stress and distortion with short computational time.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecent Trends in Manufacturing and Materials Towards Industry 4.0
Subtitle of host publicationSelected Articles from iM3F 2020, Malaysia
EditorsMuhammed Nafis Osman Zahid, Amiril Sahab Abdul Sani, Mohamad Rusydi Mohamad Yasin, Zulhelmi Ismail, Nurul Akmal Che Lah, Faiz Mohd Turan
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9789811595042
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event2020 Innovative Manufacturing, Mechatronics and Materials Forum: iM3F 2020 - Virtuell, Malaysia
Duration: 6 Aug 20206 Aug 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print)2195-4356
ISSN (Electronic)2195-4364


Conference2020 Innovative Manufacturing, Mechatronics and Materials Forum
Abbreviated titleiM3F 2020


  • Bead-on-plate
  • Deformation
  • Inherent strain method
  • Stainless steel SS316L

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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