Nanostructured Biomaterials for Regenerative Medicine focuses on the definition of new trends for the design of biomaterials for biomedical applications. It includes the ex novo synthesis as well as technological strategies to manipulate them into appropriate two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) forms, in order to impart all the main physical, chemical, structural and biological properties requested to achieve desired clinical efficacy. This book aims at offering a concise overview of innovative platforms based on nanostructured biomaterials as a function of their chemical nature - established by a consolidated material classification i.e., polymer, ceramics and metals. For each class, emerging bioinspired systems with rapid expansion in the biomedical research area and fabricated via new enabling technologies will be proposed for the use in tissue repair/regeneration and nanomedicine. This book is an essential resource for researchers, academics and professionals interested in the potential of nanostructured biomaterials for regenerative medicine.