Morphological and geochemical variations of Cyprideis (Ostracoda) from modern waters of the northern Neotropics

Juliane Meyer, Claudia Wrozyna, Albrecht Leis, Martin Groß, Werner Piller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The variability of modern Cyprideis salebrosa and Cyprideis americana (Ostracoda) from the northern Neotropics were investigated in order to understand site specific influences on the isotopic composition of their valves (δ18O, δ13C) in comparison to their host water and to connect this to morphological features of their valves (valve size, nodosity). C. salebrosa was found in a stream (Shell Creek, Florida) and a slightly brackish lake (Laguna del Rincon, Dominican Republic; salinity 20 psu). Valve size and position of nodes differed between the two species. A reverse temperature dependency have been considered to influence Shell length (seasonally in Shell Creek, summer: 1076 µm; winter: 1092 µm, supposedly permanently in Laguna del Rincon, 1035 µm). But, regarding the small dataset other factors could not be excluded to influence ostracod valve size. A decline of node frequency of C. salebrosa is mainly related to an increase in salinity. Isotopic values of ostracod valves reflect the trend in stable isotopes of their host water. Variations in Cyprideis salebrosa δ18O and δ13C values signify differences in their host water. Offsets of ostracod valves to a theoretical calcite precipitated in their host water with an uncertain time lag (+0.015 to +2.63 ‰) needs to be clarified. This study presents a contribution to the understanding of environmental influences on modern ostracod shell characters as basis for paleontological applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalLimnology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Keywords

  • Cyprideis
  • Morphology
  • Neotropics
  • Ostracods
  • Stable isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology

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