Monitoring of salt content in mineral materials using wireless sensor networks

J. Frick, F. Lehmann, K. Menzel, H. Pakdel, M. Krüger

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The recrystallization of salts due to changes in moisture content is one of the major damage mechanisms in historic materials like natural stones, bricks, plasters, and mortars. This paper presents a new development in the field of wireless monitoring the salt content in historic mineral materials. In this investigation ion selective potential sensors (electrodes) are used for monitoring salt displacement in time, influenced by changes in moisture content. Different kind of electrodes and electrode couplings are tested in laboratory, and in field measurements. For measuring the potential, low power data acquisition hardware was developed that is optimized for using it in wireless sensor networks. Data acquisition uses a competitive wireless sensor network system that is further developed in the SMooHS-Project (Smart Monitoring of Historic Structures, Collaborative Project in the 7th Framework Programme of the EU) to operate under harsh environments. First results of the laboratory and field test are presented, showing that long-term monitoring of salt content is feasible.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of NDTMS-2011, Istanbul, Turkey,May 15-18, 2011
Pages1103-1109
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameRILEM Bookseries
Volume6
ISSN (Print)2211-0844
ISSN (Electronic)2211-0852

Fingerprint

Wireless sensor networks
Minerals
Salts
Monitoring
Electrodes
Data acquisition
Moisture
Plaster
Brick
Mortar
Hardware
Sensors
Ions

Keywords

  • Desalination
  • Ion selective electrodes
  • Material moisture
  • Mineral materials
  • Salts
  • Wireless monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Frick, J., Lehmann, F., Menzel, K., Pakdel, H., & Krüger, M. (2012). Monitoring of salt content in mineral materials using wireless sensor networks. In Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures: Proceedings of NDTMS-2011, Istanbul, Turkey,May 15-18, 2011 (pp. 1103-1109). (RILEM Bookseries; Vol. 6). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0723-8_153

Monitoring of salt content in mineral materials using wireless sensor networks. / Frick, J.; Lehmann, F.; Menzel, K.; Pakdel, H.; Krüger, M.

Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures: Proceedings of NDTMS-2011, Istanbul, Turkey,May 15-18, 2011. 2012. p. 1103-1109 (RILEM Bookseries; Vol. 6).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

Frick, J, Lehmann, F, Menzel, K, Pakdel, H & Krüger, M 2012, Monitoring of salt content in mineral materials using wireless sensor networks. in Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures: Proceedings of NDTMS-2011, Istanbul, Turkey,May 15-18, 2011. RILEM Bookseries, vol. 6, pp. 1103-1109. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0723-8_153
Frick J, Lehmann F, Menzel K, Pakdel H, Krüger M. Monitoring of salt content in mineral materials using wireless sensor networks. In Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures: Proceedings of NDTMS-2011, Istanbul, Turkey,May 15-18, 2011. 2012. p. 1103-1109. (RILEM Bookseries). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0723-8_153
Frick, J. ; Lehmann, F. ; Menzel, K. ; Pakdel, H. ; Krüger, M. / Monitoring of salt content in mineral materials using wireless sensor networks. Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures: Proceedings of NDTMS-2011, Istanbul, Turkey,May 15-18, 2011. 2012. pp. 1103-1109 (RILEM Bookseries).
@inbook{1c06019d1485479d8eaa417349811820,
title = "Monitoring of salt content in mineral materials using wireless sensor networks",
abstract = "The recrystallization of salts due to changes in moisture content is one of the major damage mechanisms in historic materials like natural stones, bricks, plasters, and mortars. This paper presents a new development in the field of wireless monitoring the salt content in historic mineral materials. In this investigation ion selective potential sensors (electrodes) are used for monitoring salt displacement in time, influenced by changes in moisture content. Different kind of electrodes and electrode couplings are tested in laboratory, and in field measurements. For measuring the potential, low power data acquisition hardware was developed that is optimized for using it in wireless sensor networks. Data acquisition uses a competitive wireless sensor network system that is further developed in the SMooHS-Project (Smart Monitoring of Historic Structures, Collaborative Project in the 7th Framework Programme of the EU) to operate under harsh environments. First results of the laboratory and field test are presented, showing that long-term monitoring of salt content is feasible.",
keywords = "Desalination, Ion selective electrodes, Material moisture, Mineral materials, Salts, Wireless monitoring",
author = "J. Frick and F. Lehmann and K. Menzel and H. Pakdel and M. Kr{\"u}ger",
year = "2012",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-94-007-0723-8_153",
language = "English",
isbn = "9789400707221",
series = "RILEM Bookseries",
pages = "1103--1109",
booktitle = "Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Monitoring of salt content in mineral materials using wireless sensor networks

AU - Frick, J.

AU - Lehmann, F.

AU - Menzel, K.

AU - Pakdel, H.

AU - Krüger, M.

PY - 2012/12/1

Y1 - 2012/12/1

N2 - The recrystallization of salts due to changes in moisture content is one of the major damage mechanisms in historic materials like natural stones, bricks, plasters, and mortars. This paper presents a new development in the field of wireless monitoring the salt content in historic mineral materials. In this investigation ion selective potential sensors (electrodes) are used for monitoring salt displacement in time, influenced by changes in moisture content. Different kind of electrodes and electrode couplings are tested in laboratory, and in field measurements. For measuring the potential, low power data acquisition hardware was developed that is optimized for using it in wireless sensor networks. Data acquisition uses a competitive wireless sensor network system that is further developed in the SMooHS-Project (Smart Monitoring of Historic Structures, Collaborative Project in the 7th Framework Programme of the EU) to operate under harsh environments. First results of the laboratory and field test are presented, showing that long-term monitoring of salt content is feasible.

AB - The recrystallization of salts due to changes in moisture content is one of the major damage mechanisms in historic materials like natural stones, bricks, plasters, and mortars. This paper presents a new development in the field of wireless monitoring the salt content in historic mineral materials. In this investigation ion selective potential sensors (electrodes) are used for monitoring salt displacement in time, influenced by changes in moisture content. Different kind of electrodes and electrode couplings are tested in laboratory, and in field measurements. For measuring the potential, low power data acquisition hardware was developed that is optimized for using it in wireless sensor networks. Data acquisition uses a competitive wireless sensor network system that is further developed in the SMooHS-Project (Smart Monitoring of Historic Structures, Collaborative Project in the 7th Framework Programme of the EU) to operate under harsh environments. First results of the laboratory and field test are presented, showing that long-term monitoring of salt content is feasible.

KW - Desalination

KW - Ion selective electrodes

KW - Material moisture

KW - Mineral materials

KW - Salts

KW - Wireless monitoring

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84874378682&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-94-007-0723-8_153

DO - 10.1007/978-94-007-0723-8_153

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9789400707221

T3 - RILEM Bookseries

SP - 1103

EP - 1109

BT - Nondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures

ER -