Microbial diversity inside pumpkins: microhabitat-specific communities display a high antagonistic potential against phytopathogens

Michael Fürnkranz, Birgit Lukesch, Henry Müller, H. Huss, Martin Grube, Gabriele Berg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recent and substantial yield losses of Styrian oil pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L. subsp. pepo var. styriaca Greb.) are primarily caused by the ascomycetous fungus Didymella bryoniae but bacterial pathogens are frequently involved as well. The diversity of endophytic microbial communities from seeds (spermosphere), roots (endorhiza), flowers (anthosphere), and fruits (carposphere) of three different pumpkin cultivars was studied to develop a biocontrol strategy. A multiphasic approach combining molecular, microscopic, and cultivation techniques was applied to select a consortium of endophytes for biocontrol. Specific community structures for Pseudomonas and Bacillus, two important plant-associated genera, were found for each microenvironment by fingerprinting of 16S ribosomal RNA genes. All microenvironments were dominated by bacteria; fungi were less abundant. Of the 2,320 microbial isolates …
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-428
JournalMicrobial Ecology
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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  • Sonstiges

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