Manufacturing and characterization of magnesium alloy foils for use as anode materials in rechargeable magnesium ion batteries

Daniel Schloffer, Salar Bozorgi, Pavel Sherstnev, Christian Lenardt, Bernhard Gollas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The fabrication of thin foils of magnesium for use as anode material in rechargeable magnesium ion batteries is described. In order to improve its workability, the magnesium was alloyed by melting metallurgy with zinc and/or gadolinium, producing saturated solid solutions. The material was extruded to thin foils and rolled to a thickness of approximately 100 μm. The electrochemical behavior of Mg-1.63 wt% Zn, Mg-1.55 wt% Gd and Mg-1.02 wt% Zn-1.01 wt% Gd was studied in (PhMgCl)2-AlCl3/THF electrolyte by cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic cycling in symmetrical cells. Analysis of the current-potential curves in the Tafel region and the linear region close to the equilibrium potential show almost no effect of the alloying elements on the exchange current densities (5–45 μA/cm2) and the transfer coefficients. Chemical analyses of the alloy surfaces and the electrolyte demonstrate that the alloying elements not only dissolve with the magnesium during the anodic half-cycles, but also re-deposit during the cathodic half-cycles together with the magnesium and aluminum from the electrolyte. Given the negligible corrosion rate in aprotic electrolytes under such conditions, no adverse effects of alloying elements are expected for the performance of magnesium anodes in secondary batteries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-144
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of power sources
Volume367
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

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magnesium alloys
Magnesium alloys
Magnesium
Metal foil
electric batteries
magnesium
foils
Anodes
anodes
manufacturing
Ions
Electrolytes
Alloying elements
electrolytes
alloying
ions
cycles
storage batteries
metallurgy
Secondary batteries

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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Manufacturing and characterization of magnesium alloy foils for use as anode materials in rechargeable magnesium ion batteries. / Schloffer, Daniel; Bozorgi, Salar; Sherstnev, Pavel; Lenardt, Christian; Gollas, Bernhard.

In: Journal of power sources, Vol. 367, 01.11.2017, p. 138-144.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Schloffer, Daniel ; Bozorgi, Salar ; Sherstnev, Pavel ; Lenardt, Christian ; Gollas, Bernhard. / Manufacturing and characterization of magnesium alloy foils for use as anode materials in rechargeable magnesium ion batteries. In: Journal of power sources. 2017 ; Vol. 367. pp. 138-144.
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abstract = "The fabrication of thin foils of magnesium for use as anode material in rechargeable magnesium ion batteries is described. In order to improve its workability, the magnesium was alloyed by melting metallurgy with zinc and/or gadolinium, producing saturated solid solutions. The material was extruded to thin foils and rolled to a thickness of approximately 100 μm. The electrochemical behavior of Mg-1.63 wt{\%} Zn, Mg-1.55 wt{\%} Gd and Mg-1.02 wt{\%} Zn-1.01 wt{\%} Gd was studied in (PhMgCl)2-AlCl3/THF electrolyte by cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic cycling in symmetrical cells. Analysis of the current-potential curves in the Tafel region and the linear region close to the equilibrium potential show almost no effect of the alloying elements on the exchange current densities (5–45 μA/cm2) and the transfer coefficients. Chemical analyses of the alloy surfaces and the electrolyte demonstrate that the alloying elements not only dissolve with the magnesium during the anodic half-cycles, but also re-deposit during the cathodic half-cycles together with the magnesium and aluminum from the electrolyte. Given the negligible corrosion rate in aprotic electrolytes under such conditions, no adverse effects of alloying elements are expected for the performance of magnesium anodes in secondary batteries.",
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AB - The fabrication of thin foils of magnesium for use as anode material in rechargeable magnesium ion batteries is described. In order to improve its workability, the magnesium was alloyed by melting metallurgy with zinc and/or gadolinium, producing saturated solid solutions. The material was extruded to thin foils and rolled to a thickness of approximately 100 μm. The electrochemical behavior of Mg-1.63 wt% Zn, Mg-1.55 wt% Gd and Mg-1.02 wt% Zn-1.01 wt% Gd was studied in (PhMgCl)2-AlCl3/THF electrolyte by cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic cycling in symmetrical cells. Analysis of the current-potential curves in the Tafel region and the linear region close to the equilibrium potential show almost no effect of the alloying elements on the exchange current densities (5–45 μA/cm2) and the transfer coefficients. Chemical analyses of the alloy surfaces and the electrolyte demonstrate that the alloying elements not only dissolve with the magnesium during the anodic half-cycles, but also re-deposit during the cathodic half-cycles together with the magnesium and aluminum from the electrolyte. Given the negligible corrosion rate in aprotic electrolytes under such conditions, no adverse effects of alloying elements are expected for the performance of magnesium anodes in secondary batteries.

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