Long-term material properties of circular hollow laminated veneer lumber sections under water saturation and cement alkaline attack

Sebastian Hirschmüller, Johann Pravida, Roman Marte, Michael Flach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Innovative beech laminated veneer lumber (LVL) circular hollow sections for the use as temporary geotechnical soil nailing systems are currently being developed. Due to the permanent subsoil cement embedment, combined with high water saturation and permanent loading, the timber sections will lose strength and stiffness over time to a degree currently unknown. This paper presents the tensile and bending material properties of flat and curved beech LVL under various periods of immersion in a water–cement grout solution aiming at inducing both water saturation and long-term alkaline attack of the timber. In total, 824 and 279 samples were tested in tension and bending, respectively. Results show that samples manufactured from 3 mm thick veneers result in tensile strength and stiffness 17% and 24% higher, respectively, than samples manufactured from 2 mm thick veneers. A reduction in the initial bending and tensile strength of up to 70% was found after 90 days of water saturation and cement contact. Taking into account a duration of load factor for permanent loading of two years, it is recommended to reduce the short-term tensile and bending strength of beech circular hollow sections to be used as geotechnical anchors by 80%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalWood Material Science and Engineering
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

Veneers
Lumber
Materials properties
Cements
Tensile strength
Water
Timber
Bending strength
Stiffness
Saturation (materials composition)
Anchors
Soils

Keywords

  • cement alkaline impact on wood material properties
  • geotechnical anchoring
  • LVL hollow sections
  • Peeled beech wood veneers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Sustainable Systems

Cite this

Long-term material properties of circular hollow laminated veneer lumber sections under water saturation and cement alkaline attack. / Hirschmüller, Sebastian; Pravida, Johann; Marte, Roman; Flach, Michael.

In: Wood Material Science and Engineering, 08.02.2018, p. 1-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

@article{75a8c5a09c1740c391029c8f1c7a3d43,
title = "Long-term material properties of circular hollow laminated veneer lumber sections under water saturation and cement alkaline attack",
abstract = "Innovative beech laminated veneer lumber (LVL) circular hollow sections for the use as temporary geotechnical soil nailing systems are currently being developed. Due to the permanent subsoil cement embedment, combined with high water saturation and permanent loading, the timber sections will lose strength and stiffness over time to a degree currently unknown. This paper presents the tensile and bending material properties of flat and curved beech LVL under various periods of immersion in a water–cement grout solution aiming at inducing both water saturation and long-term alkaline attack of the timber. In total, 824 and 279 samples were tested in tension and bending, respectively. Results show that samples manufactured from 3 mm thick veneers result in tensile strength and stiffness 17{\%} and 24{\%} higher, respectively, than samples manufactured from 2 mm thick veneers. A reduction in the initial bending and tensile strength of up to 70{\%} was found after 90 days of water saturation and cement contact. Taking into account a duration of load factor for permanent loading of two years, it is recommended to reduce the short-term tensile and bending strength of beech circular hollow sections to be used as geotechnical anchors by 80{\%}.",
keywords = "cement alkaline impact on wood material properties, geotechnical anchoring, LVL hollow sections, Peeled beech wood veneers",
author = "Sebastian Hirschm{\"u}ller and Johann Pravida and Roman Marte and Michael Flach",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1080/17480272.2018.1434830",
language = "English",
pages = "1--15",
journal = "Wood Material Science and Engineering",
issn = "1748-0272",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-term material properties of circular hollow laminated veneer lumber sections under water saturation and cement alkaline attack

AU - Hirschmüller, Sebastian

AU - Pravida, Johann

AU - Marte, Roman

AU - Flach, Michael

PY - 2018/2/8

Y1 - 2018/2/8

N2 - Innovative beech laminated veneer lumber (LVL) circular hollow sections for the use as temporary geotechnical soil nailing systems are currently being developed. Due to the permanent subsoil cement embedment, combined with high water saturation and permanent loading, the timber sections will lose strength and stiffness over time to a degree currently unknown. This paper presents the tensile and bending material properties of flat and curved beech LVL under various periods of immersion in a water–cement grout solution aiming at inducing both water saturation and long-term alkaline attack of the timber. In total, 824 and 279 samples were tested in tension and bending, respectively. Results show that samples manufactured from 3 mm thick veneers result in tensile strength and stiffness 17% and 24% higher, respectively, than samples manufactured from 2 mm thick veneers. A reduction in the initial bending and tensile strength of up to 70% was found after 90 days of water saturation and cement contact. Taking into account a duration of load factor for permanent loading of two years, it is recommended to reduce the short-term tensile and bending strength of beech circular hollow sections to be used as geotechnical anchors by 80%.

AB - Innovative beech laminated veneer lumber (LVL) circular hollow sections for the use as temporary geotechnical soil nailing systems are currently being developed. Due to the permanent subsoil cement embedment, combined with high water saturation and permanent loading, the timber sections will lose strength and stiffness over time to a degree currently unknown. This paper presents the tensile and bending material properties of flat and curved beech LVL under various periods of immersion in a water–cement grout solution aiming at inducing both water saturation and long-term alkaline attack of the timber. In total, 824 and 279 samples were tested in tension and bending, respectively. Results show that samples manufactured from 3 mm thick veneers result in tensile strength and stiffness 17% and 24% higher, respectively, than samples manufactured from 2 mm thick veneers. A reduction in the initial bending and tensile strength of up to 70% was found after 90 days of water saturation and cement contact. Taking into account a duration of load factor for permanent loading of two years, it is recommended to reduce the short-term tensile and bending strength of beech circular hollow sections to be used as geotechnical anchors by 80%.

KW - cement alkaline impact on wood material properties

KW - geotechnical anchoring

KW - LVL hollow sections

KW - Peeled beech wood veneers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041534649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/17480272.2018.1434830

DO - 10.1080/17480272.2018.1434830

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 15

JO - Wood Material Science and Engineering

JF - Wood Material Science and Engineering

SN - 1748-0272

ER -