Laser-Based spectroscopy diagnosis and detailed numerical models to gain understanding on the slow pyrolysis behavior of thermally thick wood particles

Hernán Almuina-Villar, Andrés Anca-Couce, Norbert Lang, Jürgen Röpcke, Frank Behrendt, Alba Dieguez-Alonso

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The slow pyrolysis behaviour of thermally thick wood particles is investigated at 5, 10 and 20 ºC/min, combining an advanced single-particle experimental approach with a detailed numerical model. Infrared laser absorption spectroscopy (IRLAS) and laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (LIF) are used to characterize on-line and in-situ the evolution of the following volatile products in the close vicinity of the pyrolysing particle: CO2, CO, CH4, H2O, CH2O and fluorescence-emitting species with excitation wavelengths of 266 and 355 nm, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). The numerical particle model is coupled with a detailed pyrolysis kinetic scheme, being able to predict with good accuracy mass loss, temperature evolution and online release of species such as H2O and CO. Model predictions are in some cases even better than for the medium heating rate conditions for which the model was initially tested, showing its wide applicability. Furthermore, the model can be improved including PAH release, for which experimental data is presented, and the delayed release of CH4, which is not correctly described by the model at low heating rates.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical Engineering Transactions
PublisherThe Italian Association of Chemical Engineering AIDIC
Pages109-114
Number of pages6
Volume65
ISBN (Electronic)9788895608624
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

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Numerical models
Wood
Pyrolysis
Spectroscopy
Lasers
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Carbon Monoxide
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Heating rate
Laser spectroscopy
Infrared lasers
Fluorescence spectroscopy
Absorption spectroscopy
Fluorescence
Wavelength
Kinetics
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Almuina-Villar, H., Anca-Couce, A., Lang, N., Röpcke, J., Behrendt, F., & Dieguez-Alonso, A. (2018). Laser-Based spectroscopy diagnosis and detailed numerical models to gain understanding on the slow pyrolysis behavior of thermally thick wood particles. In Chemical Engineering Transactions (Vol. 65, pp. 109-114). The Italian Association of Chemical Engineering AIDIC. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1865019

Laser-Based spectroscopy diagnosis and detailed numerical models to gain understanding on the slow pyrolysis behavior of thermally thick wood particles. / Almuina-Villar, Hernán; Anca-Couce, Andrés; Lang, Norbert; Röpcke, Jürgen; Behrendt, Frank; Dieguez-Alonso, Alba.

Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 65 The Italian Association of Chemical Engineering AIDIC, 2018. p. 109-114.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

Almuina-Villar, H, Anca-Couce, A, Lang, N, Röpcke, J, Behrendt, F & Dieguez-Alonso, A 2018, Laser-Based spectroscopy diagnosis and detailed numerical models to gain understanding on the slow pyrolysis behavior of thermally thick wood particles. in Chemical Engineering Transactions. vol. 65, The Italian Association of Chemical Engineering AIDIC, pp. 109-114. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1865019
Almuina-Villar H, Anca-Couce A, Lang N, Röpcke J, Behrendt F, Dieguez-Alonso A. Laser-Based spectroscopy diagnosis and detailed numerical models to gain understanding on the slow pyrolysis behavior of thermally thick wood particles. In Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 65. The Italian Association of Chemical Engineering AIDIC. 2018. p. 109-114 https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1865019
Almuina-Villar, Hernán ; Anca-Couce, Andrés ; Lang, Norbert ; Röpcke, Jürgen ; Behrendt, Frank ; Dieguez-Alonso, Alba. / Laser-Based spectroscopy diagnosis and detailed numerical models to gain understanding on the slow pyrolysis behavior of thermally thick wood particles. Chemical Engineering Transactions. Vol. 65 The Italian Association of Chemical Engineering AIDIC, 2018. pp. 109-114
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