Large-scale urban hydrological modelling at high spatial resolution: requirements and applications

Gerald Krebs, Teemu Kokkonen, Marjo Valtanen, Harri Koivusalo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Urbanization and associated increase of imperviousness alters the hydrological
cycle of urbanizing catchments. Low Impact Development (LID) tools have been
developed and applied to mitigate these hydrological impacts. Hydrological
models are one way to evaluate the performance of LID tools before their
implementation. As these tools represent small-scale hydrological processes,
hydrological models used in assessment require a high spatial and temporal
resolution in their process descriptions. Both flow and rainfall data at high
recording frequencies (e.g. 1 min) are usually not available for large urban
catchments and detail in spatial data for surface description has to be
complemented through on-site observations. Thus, the assessment of LID
performance for large urban areas has to overcome these constraints. Previous
studies provide suggestions to overcome the lack of flow data for model
calibration through parameter regionalization. Recently presented methods for
reductions in spatial resolution while maintaining a detailed surface description
provide a feasible way to characterize large urban catchments for LID
performance assessment. However, rainfall data at high temporal and spatial
resolution remains a key element for hydrological model applications in urban
areas. We evaluated the impact of spatial and temporal rainfall variability on
model performance using the Stormwater Management Model (SWMM) and
high-resolution parameterizations of three urban catchments in combination with two rain gauges. While the distance between rain station and catchment did not affect model parameters we found a reduction in model efficiency with an
increasing rain station distance from the catchment.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Sustainable City IX
PublisherWIT Press
Pages1593
Number of pages1602
Volume2
ISBN (Print)978-1-78466-024-6
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event9th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability - Siena, Italy
Duration: 23 Sep 201425 Sep 2014

Publication series

NameWIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment
Volume191,2

Conference

Conference9th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability
CountryItaly
CitySiena
Period23/09/1425/09/14

Fingerprint

hydrological modeling
spatial resolution
catchment
rainfall
regionalization
stormwater
spatial data
gauge
parameterization
urbanization
urban area
rain
station
parameter

Keywords

  • SWMM
  • high spatial resolution
  • spatial rainfall variability

Cite this

Krebs, G., Kokkonen, T., Valtanen, M., & Koivusalo, H. (2014). Large-scale urban hydrological modelling at high spatial resolution: requirements and applications. In The Sustainable City IX (Vol. 2, pp. 1593). (WIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment; Vol. 191,2 ). WIT Press.

Large-scale urban hydrological modelling at high spatial resolution: requirements and applications. / Krebs, Gerald; Kokkonen, Teemu; Valtanen, Marjo; Koivusalo, Harri.

The Sustainable City IX. Vol. 2 WIT Press, 2014. p. 1593 (WIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment; Vol. 191,2 ).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

Krebs, G, Kokkonen, T, Valtanen, M & Koivusalo, H 2014, Large-scale urban hydrological modelling at high spatial resolution: requirements and applications. in The Sustainable City IX. vol. 2, WIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment, vol. 191,2 , WIT Press, pp. 1593, 9th International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability , Siena, Italy, 23/09/14.
Krebs G, Kokkonen T, Valtanen M, Koivusalo H. Large-scale urban hydrological modelling at high spatial resolution: requirements and applications. In The Sustainable City IX. Vol. 2. WIT Press. 2014. p. 1593. (WIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment).
Krebs, Gerald ; Kokkonen, Teemu ; Valtanen, Marjo ; Koivusalo, Harri. / Large-scale urban hydrological modelling at high spatial resolution: requirements and applications. The Sustainable City IX. Vol. 2 WIT Press, 2014. pp. 1593 (WIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment).
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AB - Urbanization and associated increase of imperviousness alters the hydrologicalcycle of urbanizing catchments. Low Impact Development (LID) tools have beendeveloped and applied to mitigate these hydrological impacts. Hydrologicalmodels are one way to evaluate the performance of LID tools before theirimplementation. As these tools represent small-scale hydrological processes,hydrological models used in assessment require a high spatial and temporalresolution in their process descriptions. Both flow and rainfall data at highrecording frequencies (e.g. 1 min) are usually not available for large urbancatchments and detail in spatial data for surface description has to becomplemented through on-site observations. Thus, the assessment of LIDperformance for large urban areas has to overcome these constraints. Previousstudies provide suggestions to overcome the lack of flow data for modelcalibration through parameter regionalization. Recently presented methods forreductions in spatial resolution while maintaining a detailed surface descriptionprovide a feasible way to characterize large urban catchments for LIDperformance assessment. However, rainfall data at high temporal and spatialresolution remains a key element for hydrological model applications in urbanareas. We evaluated the impact of spatial and temporal rainfall variability onmodel performance using the Stormwater Management Model (SWMM) andhigh-resolution parameterizations of three urban catchments in combination with two rain gauges. While the distance between rain station and catchment did not affect model parameters we found a reduction in model efficiency with anincreasing rain station distance from the catchment.

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