Ion dynamics in solid electrolytes for lithium batteries: Probing jump rates and activation energies through time-domain Li NMR

Marlena Uitz, Viktor Epp, Patrick Bottke, Martin Wilkening*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

All-solid-state batteries with ceramic electrolytes and lithium metal anodes represent an attractive alternative to conventional ion battery systems. Conventional batteries still rely on flammable liquids as electronic insulators. Despite the great efforts reported over the last years, the optimum solid electrolyte has, however, not been found yet. One of the most important properties which decides whether a ceramic is useful to work as electrolyte is ionic transport. The various time-domain nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques might help characterize and select the most suitable candidates. Together with conductivity measurements it is possible to analyze ion dynamics on different length-scales, i.e., to differentiate between local, within-site hopping processes from long-range ion transport. The latter needs to be sufficiently fast in the ceramic, in the best case competing with that of liquid electrolytes. In addition to conductivity spectroscopy, NMR can help understand the relationship between local structure and dynamic parameters. Besides information on activation energies and jump rates the data also contain suggestions about the relevant elementary steps of ion hopping and, thus, diffusion pathways through the crystal lattice. Recent progress in characterizing ion dynamics in ceramic electrolytes by NMR relaxometry will be briefly reviewed. Focus is put on presently discussed solid electrolytes such as garnets, phosphates and sulfides, which have so far been studied in our lab.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-156
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Electroceramics
Volume38
Issue number2-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Bulk Li ion diffusivity
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • Relaxation
  • Solid electrolytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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