Inter-Backbone Charge Transfer as Prerequisite for Long-Range Conductivity in Perylene Bisimide Hydrogels

Max Burian, Francesco Rigodanza, Nicola Demitri, Luka D Ord Ević, Silvia Marchesan, Tereza Steinhartova, Ilse Letofsky-Papst, Ivan Khalakhan, Eléonore Mourad, Stefan A Freunberger, Heinz Amenitsch, Maurizio Prato, Zois Syrgiannis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Hydrogelation, the self-assembly of molecules into soft, water-loaded networks, is one way to bridge the structural gap between single molecules and functional materials. The potential of hydrogels, such as those based on perylene bisimides, lies in their chemical, physical, optical, and electronic properties, which are governed by the supramolecular structure of the gel. However, the structural motifs and their precise role for long-range conductivity are yet to be explored. Here, we present a comprehensive structural picture of a perylene bisimide hydrogel, suggesting that its long-range conductivity is limited by charge transfer between electronic backbones. We reveal nanocrystalline ribbon-like structures as the electronic and structural backbone units between which charge transfer is mediated by polar solvent bridges. We exemplify this effect with sensing, where exposure to polar vapor enhances conductivity by 5 orders of magnitude, emphasizing the crucial role of the interplay between structural motif and surrounding medium for the rational design of devices based on nanocrystalline hydrogels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5800–5806
Number of pages7
JournalACS Nano
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Jun 2018

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Hydrogels
Charge transfer
charge transfer
conductivity
Molecules
Functional materials
Hydrogel
electronics
Electronic properties
Self assembly
Chemical properties
Optical properties
Physical properties
Gels
Vapors
chemical properties
ribbons
Water
self assembly
molecules

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Burian, M., Rigodanza, F., Demitri, N., D Ord Ević, L., Marchesan, S., Steinhartova, T., ... Syrgiannis, Z. (2018). Inter-Backbone Charge Transfer as Prerequisite for Long-Range Conductivity in Perylene Bisimide Hydrogels. ACS Nano, 12(6), 5800–5806. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.8b01689

Inter-Backbone Charge Transfer as Prerequisite for Long-Range Conductivity in Perylene Bisimide Hydrogels. / Burian, Max; Rigodanza, Francesco; Demitri, Nicola; D Ord Ević, Luka; Marchesan, Silvia; Steinhartova, Tereza; Letofsky-Papst, Ilse; Khalakhan, Ivan; Mourad, Eléonore; Freunberger, Stefan A; Amenitsch, Heinz; Prato, Maurizio; Syrgiannis, Zois.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 12, No. 6, 11.06.2018, p. 5800–5806.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Burian, M, Rigodanza, F, Demitri, N, D Ord Ević, L, Marchesan, S, Steinhartova, T, Letofsky-Papst, I, Khalakhan, I, Mourad, E, Freunberger, SA, Amenitsch, H, Prato, M & Syrgiannis, Z 2018, 'Inter-Backbone Charge Transfer as Prerequisite for Long-Range Conductivity in Perylene Bisimide Hydrogels' ACS Nano, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 5800–5806. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.8b01689
Burian M, Rigodanza F, Demitri N, D Ord Ević L, Marchesan S, Steinhartova T et al. Inter-Backbone Charge Transfer as Prerequisite for Long-Range Conductivity in Perylene Bisimide Hydrogels. ACS Nano. 2018 Jun 11;12(6):5800–5806. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.8b01689
Burian, Max ; Rigodanza, Francesco ; Demitri, Nicola ; D Ord Ević, Luka ; Marchesan, Silvia ; Steinhartova, Tereza ; Letofsky-Papst, Ilse ; Khalakhan, Ivan ; Mourad, Eléonore ; Freunberger, Stefan A ; Amenitsch, Heinz ; Prato, Maurizio ; Syrgiannis, Zois. / Inter-Backbone Charge Transfer as Prerequisite for Long-Range Conductivity in Perylene Bisimide Hydrogels. In: ACS Nano. 2018 ; Vol. 12, No. 6. pp. 5800–5806.
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