The whole genome of L. buchneri CD034 was sequenced on the Roche Genome Sequencer FLX platform. It was found to consist of four replicons, a circular chromosome, and three plasmids. The circular chromosome was predicted to encode 2319 proteins and contains a genomic island and two prophages which significantly differ in G + C-content from the remaining chromosome. It possesses all genes for enzymes of a complete phosphoketolase pathway, whereas two enzymes necessary for glycolysis are lacking. This confirms the classification of L. buchneri CD034 as an obligate heterofermentative lactic acid bacterium. A set of genes considered to be involved in the lactate degradation pathway and genes putatively involved in the breakdown of plant cell wall polymers were identified. Moreover, several genes encoding putative S-layer proteins and two CRISPR systems, belonging to the subclasses I-E and II-A, are located on the chromosome. The largest plasmid pCD034-3 was predicted to encode 57 genes, including a putative polysaccharide synthesis gene cluster, whereas the functions of the two smaller plasmids, pCD034-1 and pCD034-2, remain cryptic.
Phylogenetic analysis based on sequence comparison of the conserved marker gene rpoA reveals that L. buchneri CD034 is more closely related to Lactobacillus hilgardii strains than to Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus plantarum strains. Comparison of the L. buchneri CD034 core genome to other fully sequenced and closely related members of the genus Lactobacillus disclosed a high degree of conservation between L. buchneri CD034 and the recently sequenced L. buchneri strain NRRL B-30929 and a more distant relationship to L. buchneri ATCC 11577 and L. brevis ssp. gravesensis ATCC 27305, which cluster together with L. hilgardii type strain ATCC 8290. L. buchneri CD034 genome information will certainly provide the basis for further postgenome studies with the objective to optimize application of the strain in silage production.
Fields of Expertise
- Human- & Biotechnology
Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)
- Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)