Rubidium antimony halides are a promising low toxic alternative to organo-lead halide perovskites as photovoltaic material. In this contribution, we systematically investigate the influence of varying the bromide to iodide ratio on the structural, optical, and photovoltaic properties of Rb3Sb2Br9–xIx (x = 0–9). Single crystal data reveal that all compounds crystallize in a 2D-layered monoclinic crystal structure. Sequential substitution of iodide with the smaller bromide does not change the crystal system; however, increasing the bromide content results in a shrinkage of the unit cell as well as in a blue shift of the absorption onset, increasing the band gap from 2.02 to 2.46 eV. Whereas the photovoltaic properties of bromide rich compounds are limited due to a preferential orientation of the layered structure parallel to the substrate, which is detrimental to charge transport, solar cells with Rb3Sb2I9 as absorber material display power conversion efficiencies of 1.37%. Moreover, the devices exhibit low hysteresis properties and are stable for more than 150 days stored under inert atmosphere.
- Advanced Materials Science
- Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)