In situ monitoring of artificial aging and solution heat treatment of a commercial Al–Mg–Si alloy with a high intensity positron beam

Laura Resch, Thomas Gigl, Gregor Klinser, Christoph Hugenschmidt, Wolfgang Sprengel, Roland Würschum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Microstructural changes of a commercial Al–Mg–Si alloy were studied during artificial aging by in situ Doppler broadening spectroscopy using a high-intensity positron beam. The in situ positron annihilation characteristics at high temperatures differ considerably from the conventionally applied ex situ measurements at low temperatures. Therefore, a more comprehensive view of precipitation processes in Al–Mg–Si alloys is obtained. Further, in situ positron–electron annihilation techniques allow for an investigation of aging processes with increased sensitivity. For the artificial aging temperatures of 180 °C and 210 °C pronounced variations of the Doppler broadening S-parameter reveal (i) the evolution of clusters into larger precipitates and (ii) the time of the formation of β" precipitates and the role of vacancies in connection to this. Towards higher aging times, the transformation from coherent β" to semi-coherent β' precipitates could be verified. Additional insights are gained by in situ measurements of the S-parameter during the solution heat treatment of the previously overaged sample. Here, the S-parameter reveals both the dissolution of precipitates starting from temperatures of 364 °C and the thermal generation of vacancies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume32
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2019

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Positrons
Precipitates
precipitates
positrons
Scattering parameters
heat treatment
Aging of materials
Heat treatment
Monitoring
Doppler effect
Vacancies
Temperature
Positron annihilation
in situ measurement
positron annihilation
dissolving
Dissolution
Spectroscopy
temperature
sensitivity

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Cite this

In situ monitoring of artificial aging and solution heat treatment of a commercial Al–Mg–Si alloy with a high intensity positron beam. / Resch, Laura; Gigl, Thomas; Klinser, Gregor; Hugenschmidt, Christoph; Sprengel, Wolfgang; Würschum, Roland.

In: Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, Vol. 32, No. 8, 22.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Gigl, Thomas

AU - Klinser, Gregor

AU - Hugenschmidt, Christoph

AU - Sprengel, Wolfgang

AU - Würschum, Roland

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N2 - Microstructural changes of a commercial Al–Mg–Si alloy were studied during artificial aging by in situ Doppler broadening spectroscopy using a high-intensity positron beam. The in situ positron annihilation characteristics at high temperatures differ considerably from the conventionally applied ex situ measurements at low temperatures. Therefore, a more comprehensive view of precipitation processes in Al–Mg–Si alloys is obtained. Further, in situ positron–electron annihilation techniques allow for an investigation of aging processes with increased sensitivity. For the artificial aging temperatures of 180 °C and 210 °C pronounced variations of the Doppler broadening S-parameter reveal (i) the evolution of clusters into larger precipitates and (ii) the time of the formation of β" precipitates and the role of vacancies in connection to this. Towards higher aging times, the transformation from coherent β" to semi-coherent β' precipitates could be verified. Additional insights are gained by in situ measurements of the S-parameter during the solution heat treatment of the previously overaged sample. Here, the S-parameter reveals both the dissolution of precipitates starting from temperatures of 364 °C and the thermal generation of vacancies.

AB - Microstructural changes of a commercial Al–Mg–Si alloy were studied during artificial aging by in situ Doppler broadening spectroscopy using a high-intensity positron beam. The in situ positron annihilation characteristics at high temperatures differ considerably from the conventionally applied ex situ measurements at low temperatures. Therefore, a more comprehensive view of precipitation processes in Al–Mg–Si alloys is obtained. Further, in situ positron–electron annihilation techniques allow for an investigation of aging processes with increased sensitivity. For the artificial aging temperatures of 180 °C and 210 °C pronounced variations of the Doppler broadening S-parameter reveal (i) the evolution of clusters into larger precipitates and (ii) the time of the formation of β" precipitates and the role of vacancies in connection to this. Towards higher aging times, the transformation from coherent β" to semi-coherent β' precipitates could be verified. Additional insights are gained by in situ measurements of the S-parameter during the solution heat treatment of the previously overaged sample. Here, the S-parameter reveals both the dissolution of precipitates starting from temperatures of 364 °C and the thermal generation of vacancies.

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