Highly Dynamic Intake and Exhaust Back Pressure Control

Stefan Lambert Hölzl, Richard Seeber, Klemens Kranawetter, Robert Bauer, Wolfram Rossegger

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Measuring emissions of internal combustion engines-not only at steady-state conditions, but also with highly dynamic test cycles-is an important issue in modern engine development. Due to the fact that ambient conditions have an essential influence on power and emissions of internal combustion engines, test beds used for such measurements typically incorporate intake air and exhaust back pressure control for reasons of repeatability, accuracy and comparability. As test cycle dynamics get faster and legal pressure tolerances get narrower, pressure control becomes more demanding and simple PI control schemes are pushed to their limits; therefore, more sophisticated control schemes are necessary. In this paper, a linearised model is first derived and then used to both simplify and optimise PI controller tuning. This is done by means of frequency domain methods. Limitations to such controllers and possible approaches to overcome them are discussed. The main limitation is shown to be caused by resonance effects in the pipe. These effects are modelled thoroughly using partial differential equations to obtain a resonance compensation method. This method is both simple and robust with respect to temperature changes, which renders it perfectly applicable to exhaust back pressure control. The proposed controller with resonance compensation is demonstrated in simulation and validated in the course of experiments; the latter show a reduction of pressure fluctuations from ±30 mbar using a standard PI controller to ±3 mbar using the enhanced controller with resonance compensation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSymposium on International Automotive Technology 2019
PublisherSAE International
Number of pages10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2019
EventSymposium on International Automotive Technology 2019 - Pune, India
Duration: 16 Jan 201918 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameSAE Technical Papers
PublisherSAE International
Number2019-26-0147
ISSN (Print)0148-7191

Conference

ConferenceSymposium on International Automotive Technology 2019
Abbreviated titleSIAT 2019
CountryIndia
CityPune
Period16/01/1918/01/19

Fingerprint

Pressure control
Controllers
Internal combustion engines
Air intakes
Partial differential equations
Tuning
Pipe
Engines
Compensation and Redress
Experiments
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering

Cite this

Hölzl, S. L., Seeber, R., Kranawetter, K., Bauer, R., & Rossegger, W. (2019). Highly Dynamic Intake and Exhaust Back Pressure Control. In Symposium on International Automotive Technology 2019 (SAE Technical Papers; No. 2019-26-0147). SAE International. https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-26-0147

Highly Dynamic Intake and Exhaust Back Pressure Control. / Hölzl, Stefan Lambert; Seeber, Richard; Kranawetter, Klemens; Bauer, Robert; Rossegger, Wolfram .

Symposium on International Automotive Technology 2019. SAE International, 2019. (SAE Technical Papers; No. 2019-26-0147).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

Hölzl, SL, Seeber, R, Kranawetter, K, Bauer, R & Rossegger, W 2019, Highly Dynamic Intake and Exhaust Back Pressure Control. in Symposium on International Automotive Technology 2019. SAE Technical Papers, no. 2019-26-0147, SAE International, Symposium on International Automotive Technology 2019, Pune, India, 16/01/19. https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-26-0147
Hölzl SL, Seeber R, Kranawetter K, Bauer R, Rossegger W. Highly Dynamic Intake and Exhaust Back Pressure Control. In Symposium on International Automotive Technology 2019. SAE International. 2019. (SAE Technical Papers; 2019-26-0147). https://doi.org/10.4271/2019-26-0147
Hölzl, Stefan Lambert ; Seeber, Richard ; Kranawetter, Klemens ; Bauer, Robert ; Rossegger, Wolfram . / Highly Dynamic Intake and Exhaust Back Pressure Control. Symposium on International Automotive Technology 2019. SAE International, 2019. (SAE Technical Papers; 2019-26-0147).
@inproceedings{1d1bc0a8f9414788998082f642183743,
title = "Highly Dynamic Intake and Exhaust Back Pressure Control",
abstract = "Measuring emissions of internal combustion engines-not only at steady-state conditions, but also with highly dynamic test cycles-is an important issue in modern engine development. Due to the fact that ambient conditions have an essential influence on power and emissions of internal combustion engines, test beds used for such measurements typically incorporate intake air and exhaust back pressure control for reasons of repeatability, accuracy and comparability. As test cycle dynamics get faster and legal pressure tolerances get narrower, pressure control becomes more demanding and simple PI control schemes are pushed to their limits; therefore, more sophisticated control schemes are necessary. In this paper, a linearised model is first derived and then used to both simplify and optimise PI controller tuning. This is done by means of frequency domain methods. Limitations to such controllers and possible approaches to overcome them are discussed. The main limitation is shown to be caused by resonance effects in the pipe. These effects are modelled thoroughly using partial differential equations to obtain a resonance compensation method. This method is both simple and robust with respect to temperature changes, which renders it perfectly applicable to exhaust back pressure control. The proposed controller with resonance compensation is demonstrated in simulation and validated in the course of experiments; the latter show a reduction of pressure fluctuations from ±30 mbar using a standard PI controller to ±3 mbar using the enhanced controller with resonance compensation.",
author = "H{\"o}lzl, {Stefan Lambert} and Richard Seeber and Klemens Kranawetter and Robert Bauer and Wolfram Rossegger",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "9",
doi = "10.4271/2019-26-0147",
language = "English",
series = "SAE Technical Papers",
publisher = "SAE International",
number = "2019-26-0147",
booktitle = "Symposium on International Automotive Technology 2019",
address = "United States",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Highly Dynamic Intake and Exhaust Back Pressure Control

AU - Hölzl, Stefan Lambert

AU - Seeber, Richard

AU - Kranawetter, Klemens

AU - Bauer, Robert

AU - Rossegger, Wolfram

PY - 2019/1/9

Y1 - 2019/1/9

N2 - Measuring emissions of internal combustion engines-not only at steady-state conditions, but also with highly dynamic test cycles-is an important issue in modern engine development. Due to the fact that ambient conditions have an essential influence on power and emissions of internal combustion engines, test beds used for such measurements typically incorporate intake air and exhaust back pressure control for reasons of repeatability, accuracy and comparability. As test cycle dynamics get faster and legal pressure tolerances get narrower, pressure control becomes more demanding and simple PI control schemes are pushed to their limits; therefore, more sophisticated control schemes are necessary. In this paper, a linearised model is first derived and then used to both simplify and optimise PI controller tuning. This is done by means of frequency domain methods. Limitations to such controllers and possible approaches to overcome them are discussed. The main limitation is shown to be caused by resonance effects in the pipe. These effects are modelled thoroughly using partial differential equations to obtain a resonance compensation method. This method is both simple and robust with respect to temperature changes, which renders it perfectly applicable to exhaust back pressure control. The proposed controller with resonance compensation is demonstrated in simulation and validated in the course of experiments; the latter show a reduction of pressure fluctuations from ±30 mbar using a standard PI controller to ±3 mbar using the enhanced controller with resonance compensation.

AB - Measuring emissions of internal combustion engines-not only at steady-state conditions, but also with highly dynamic test cycles-is an important issue in modern engine development. Due to the fact that ambient conditions have an essential influence on power and emissions of internal combustion engines, test beds used for such measurements typically incorporate intake air and exhaust back pressure control for reasons of repeatability, accuracy and comparability. As test cycle dynamics get faster and legal pressure tolerances get narrower, pressure control becomes more demanding and simple PI control schemes are pushed to their limits; therefore, more sophisticated control schemes are necessary. In this paper, a linearised model is first derived and then used to both simplify and optimise PI controller tuning. This is done by means of frequency domain methods. Limitations to such controllers and possible approaches to overcome them are discussed. The main limitation is shown to be caused by resonance effects in the pipe. These effects are modelled thoroughly using partial differential equations to obtain a resonance compensation method. This method is both simple and robust with respect to temperature changes, which renders it perfectly applicable to exhaust back pressure control. The proposed controller with resonance compensation is demonstrated in simulation and validated in the course of experiments; the latter show a reduction of pressure fluctuations from ±30 mbar using a standard PI controller to ±3 mbar using the enhanced controller with resonance compensation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060003430&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4271/2019-26-0147

DO - 10.4271/2019-26-0147

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - SAE Technical Papers

BT - Symposium on International Automotive Technology 2019

PB - SAE International

ER -