High-Yield Production of Selected 2D Materials by Understanding Their Sonication-Assisted Liquid-Phase Exfoliation.

Freskida Goni, Angela Chemelli*, Frank Uhlig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Liquid-phase exfoliation (LPE) is a widely used and promising method for the production of 2D nanomaterials because it can be scaled up relatively easily. Nevertheless, the yields achieved by this process are still low, ranging between 2% and 5%, which makes the large-scale production of these materials difficult. In this report, we investigate the cause of these low yields by examining the sonication-assisted LPE of graphene, boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs), and molybdenum disulfide nanosheets (MoS2 NS). Our results show that the low yields are caused by an equilibrium that is formed between the exfoliated nanosheets and the flocculated ones during the sonication process. This study provides an understanding of this behaviour, which prevents further exfoliation of nanosheets. By avoiding this equilibrium, we were able to increase the total yields of graphene, BNNSs, and MoS2 NS up to 14%, 44%, and 29%, respectively. Here, we demonstrate a modified LPE process that leads to the high-yield production of 2D nanomaterials
Original languageEnglish
Article number3253
Number of pages15
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • 2D materials
  • Boron nitride nanosheets
  • Graphene
  • High-yield production
  • Liquid-phase exfoliation
  • Molybdenum disulfide nanosheets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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