Fundamentals of Force-Controlled Friction Riveting: Part 1 - Joint Formation and Heat Development

Goncalo Filipe Pina Cipriano, Lucian A. Blaga, Jorge F. dos Santos, Pedro Vilaça, Sergio T. Amancio-Filho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This work presents a systematic study on the correlations between process parameters and rivet plastic deformation, produced by force-controlled friction riveting. The 5 mm diameter AA2024 rivets were joined to 13 mm, nominal thickness, polyetherimide plates. A wide range of joint formations was obtained, reflecting the variation in total energy input (24–208 J) and process temperature (319–501 °C). The influence of the process parameters on joint formation was determined, using a central composite design and response surface methodology. Friction time displayed the highest contribution on both rivet penetration (61.9%) and anchoring depth (34.7%), and friction force on the maximum width of the deformed rivet tip (46.5%). Quadratic effects and two-way interactions were significant on rivet anchoring depth (29.8 and 20.8%, respectively). Bell-shaped rivet plastic deformation—high mechanical interlocking—results from moderate energy inputs (~100 J). These geometries are characterized by: rivet penetration depth of 7 to 9 mm; maximum width of the deformed rivet tip of 9 to 12 mm; and anchoring depth higher than 6 mm. This knowledge allows the production of optimized friction-riveted connections and a deeper understanding of the joining mechanisms, further discussed in Part II of this work.
LanguageEnglish
Article number2294
Number of pages22
JournalMaterials
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatusPublished - Nov 2018

Fingerprint

Riveting
Rivets
Friction
Plastic deformation
Polyetherimides
Hot Temperature
Joining
Geometry

Keywords

  • friction, riveting, hybrid ctures, joining, response surface
  • structures, joining, response surface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Cite this

Fundamentals of Force-Controlled Friction Riveting: Part 1 - Joint Formation and Heat Development. / Pina Cipriano, Goncalo Filipe; Blaga, Lucian A. ; dos Santos, Jorge F. ; Vilaça, Pedro ; T. Amancio-Filho, Sergio.

In: Materials, Vol. 11, No. 11, 2294, 11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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abstract = "This work presents a systematic study on the correlations between process parameters and rivet plastic deformation, produced by force-controlled friction riveting. The 5 mm diameter AA2024 rivets were joined to 13 mm, nominal thickness, polyetherimide plates. A wide range of joint formations was obtained, reflecting the variation in total energy input (24–208 J) and process temperature (319–501 °C). The influence of the process parameters on joint formation was determined, using a central composite design and response surface methodology. Friction time displayed the highest contribution on both rivet penetration (61.9{\%}) and anchoring depth (34.7{\%}), and friction force on the maximum width of the deformed rivet tip (46.5{\%}). Quadratic effects and two-way interactions were significant on rivet anchoring depth (29.8 and 20.8{\%}, respectively). Bell-shaped rivet plastic deformation—high mechanical interlocking—results from moderate energy inputs (~100 J). These geometries are characterized by: rivet penetration depth of 7 to 9 mm; maximum width of the deformed rivet tip of 9 to 12 mm; and anchoring depth higher than 6 mm. This knowledge allows the production of optimized friction-riveted connections and a deeper understanding of the joining mechanisms, further discussed in Part II of this work.",
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