Fundamental material property trends in the La 0.8-xNd xCa 0.2FeO 3-δ series: crystal structure and thermal expansion

Christian Berger, Edith Bucher*, Judith Lammer, Christian Nader, Werner Sitte

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Compounds from the series La 0.8-xNd xCa 0.2FeO 3-δ (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.7) were synthesised by a sol–gel route. X-ray diffraction and Rietveld analysis showed that materials with 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.6 crystallize as single-phase orthorhombic perovskites. The smaller ionic radius of Nd 3+ compared to La 3+ leads to a decrease in unit cell volume with increasing x. Elemental mapping by high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy confirms the homogeneous distribution of the A-site elements (La, Nd and Ca) in the perovskite (ABO 3) lattice. The thermal expansion behaviour of La 0.8-xNd xCa 0.2FeO 3-δ (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.6) was characterized by dilatometry at 30 ≤ T/°C ≤ 1000 and 1 × 10 –3 ≤ pO 2/bar ≤ 1. The thermal expansion coefficients of La 0.8-xNd xCa 0.2FeO 3-δ, which were determined in regions I (40–530 °C) and II (530–990 °C), respectively, are almost independent of the Nd concentration in the range of (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.6) and increase slightly with decreasing pO 2. The transition from orthorhombic to trigonal modification, which is observed for La 0.8Ca 0.2FeO 3-δ at approx. 740 °C, is suppressed for all Nd-substituted compounds with x ≥ 0.1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10191-10203
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume56
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science

Treatment code (Nähere Zuordnung)

  • Basic - Fundamental (Grundlagenforschung)

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