From a bistable adsorbate to a switchable interface: tetrachloropyrazine on Pt(111)

Lukas Hörmann, Andreas Jeindl, Oliver Hofmann*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Virtually all organic (opto)electronic devices rely on organic/inorganic interfaces with specific properties. These properties are, in turn, inextricably linked to the interface structure. Therefore, a change in structure can introduce a shift in function. If this change is reversible, it would allow constructing a switchable interface. We accomplish this with tetrachloropyrazine on Pt(111), which exhibits a double-well potential with a chemisorbed and a physisorbed minimum. These minima have significantly different adsorption geometries allowing the formation of switchable interface structures. Importantly, these structures facilitate different work function changes and coherent fractions (as would be obtained from X-ray standing wave measurements), which are ideal properties to read out the interface state. We perform surface structure search using a modified version of the SAMPLE approach and account for thermodynamic conditions using ab initio thermodynamics. This allows investigating millions of commensurate as well as higher-order commensurate interface structures. We identify three different classes of structures exhibiting different work function changes and coherent fractions. Using temperature and pressure as handles, we demonstrate the possibility of reversible switching between those different classes, creating a dynamic interface for potential applications in organic electronics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5154-5162
Number of pages9
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Fields of Expertise

  • Advanced Materials Science


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