Free-Breathing Liver Fat, R*2 and B 0 Field Mapping Using Multi-Echo Radial FLASH and Regularized Model-based Reconstruction

Zhengguo Tan, Christina Unterberg-Buchwald, Moritz Blumenthal, Nick Scholand, Philip Schaten, Christian Holme, Xiaoqing Wang, Dirk Raddatz, Martin Uecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work introduced a stack-of-radial multi-echo asymmetric-echo MRI sequence for free-breathing liver volumetric acquisition. Regularized model-based reconstruction was implemented in Berkeley Advanced Reconstruction Toolbox (BART) to jointly estimate all physical parameter maps (water, fat, R* 2 , and B 0 field inhomogeneity maps) and coil sensitivity maps from self-gated k -space data. Specifically, locally low rank and temporal total variation regularization were employed directly on physical parameter maps. The proposed free-breathing radial technique was tested on a water/fat & iron phantom, a young volunteer, and obesity/diabetes/hepatic steatosis patients. Quantitative fat fraction and R* 2 accuracy were confirmed by comparing our technique with the reference breath-hold Cartesian scan. The multi-echo radial sampling sequence achieves fast k -space coverage and is robust to motion. Moreover, the proposed motion-resolved model-based reconstruction allows for free-breathing liver fat and R* 2 quantification in multiple motion states. Overall, our proposed technique offers a convenient tool for non-invasive liver assessment with no breath holding requirement.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2022


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