Extended expansion linkage engine: a concept to increase the efficiency

Ortwin Dumböck*, Eberhard Schutting, Helmut Eichlseder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In a broad-based survey, the reciprocating piston engine with extended expansion stroke was found to have the highest efficiency potential for passenger car propulsion. To confirm the predicted efficiency, three different prototype engines were built and measured on testbed. Measurements were complemented with thermodynamic simulations. Investigations focused on naturally aspirated and supercharged SI engines. It could be shown that a naturally aspirated SI engine with an expansion ratio γ of 2 gains an efficiency improvement of 7 percentage points compared to a conventional crank train engine. It was also found that the extended expansion has no inherent effect to combustion, emission formation and wall heat transfer. Major effort was made to assess the Miller cycle as a thermodynamic alternative to the crank train with extended expansion. Measurements and simulations revealed that Miller suffers in a way from higher wall heat and gas exchange losses cutting a substantial share of the efficiency potential of an equivalent crank train solution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-92
Number of pages7
JournalAutomotive and Engine Technology
Publication statusPublished - 18 May 2018

Fields of Expertise

  • Mobility & Production


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